8th Edition

Commonsense Methods for Children with Special Needs and Disabilities

ISBN 9780367625757
Published November 26, 2020 by Routledge
216 Pages

USD $34.95

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Book Description

This fully revised and updated eighth edition of Peter Westwood’s book offers practical advice and strategies for meeting the challenge of inclusive teaching. Based on the latest international research from the field, it offers practical advice on both new and well-tried evidence-based approaches and strategies for teaching students with a wide range of difficulties.

As well as covering special educational needs, learning difficulties, and disabilities in detail, chapters also explore topics such as self-management and autonomy, managing behaviour, and social skills. The book offers sound pedagogical practices and strategies for adapting curriculum content, designing teaching materials, differentiating instruction for mixed-ability classes, and implementing inclusive assessment of learning.

Key features of this new edition include:

  • Additional information on linking all aspects of teaching to a Response-to-Intervention Model
  • A focus on the increasing importance of digital technology in supporting the learning of students with special educational needs and disabilities
  • Up-to-date resource lists for each chapter, for those who wish to pursue a particular topic in greater depth

Reflecting cutting-edge international research and teaching practices, this is an invaluable resource for practising and trainee teachers, teaching assistants, and other educational professionals looking to support students with special educational needs and disabilities.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Special educational needs, learning difficulties and disabilities  Who are the students?  What are ‘special needs’?  Learning difficulties  Disabilities and impairments  Provision of education and support  Response to intervention model  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 2: Students with intellectual disability  Intellectual disability  Priorities in teaching  Learning characteristics of students with intellectual disability  Teaching approaches  Preparation for work  Specific approaches for students with severe intellectual disability  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 3: Students with autism spectrum disorder  Autism defined and described  Intervention for autism  Teaching, training and management: general principles  Specific programmes and methods  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 4: Students with physical disabilities and health issues  Learning and development  Assistive technology  Augmentative and alternative communication  Cerebral palsy  Instructional needs of students with cerebral palsy  Epilepsy  Spina bifida  Traumatic brain injury  Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders  Childhood obesity  Asthma and allergies  General points for mainstream teachers  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 5: Students with sensory impairments  Vision impairment  Special educational needs of children with impaired vision  Accessing curriculum and environment  Teaching students with impaired vision  Transition to work or further study  Hearing impairment  Types and degrees of hearing loss  Impact of moderate to severe hearing loss  Modes of communication  Assistive technology  Teaching students with impaired hearing  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 6: Gifted and talented students  The nature of giftedness, talent and creativity  Prevalence  Separation or inclusion?  Identifying gifted learners  Underachievement  Meeting the needs of gifted and talented students  General principles of teaching  Specific implementation models  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 7: Self-management and autonomy  Definition of terms  The importance of classroom self-management  Teaching self-management  Locus of control and self-efficacy  Attribution retraining  Cognitive behaviour modification  Metacognition  Cognitive strategies and strategy-based instruction  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 8: Managing behaviour  The effects of misbehaviour  Preventing behaviour problems  Behaviour management policy  A three-tier model of intervention  The need for a team approach  Modifying behaviour  Students with learning difficulties or disabilities  Dealing with disruptive behaviour  Aggressive behaviour  Bullying  Cyberbullying  Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 9: Social skills and peer group acceptance  Children with learning difficulties or disabilities  Creating opportunities  Facilitating social interaction  Groupwork  Social skills training  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 10: Intervention for reading difficulties  Reading intervention at Tier 2  Using tutors  Selecting text materials for Tier 2  Specific interventions for older students at Tier 2  Specific programmes for intervention at Tier 3  Supplementary tutoring strategies and activities  Digital technology and reading  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 11: Problems with writing  What do the processes of writing and composing involve?  Learning difficulties that affect writing  Teaching approaches  General approaches at Tier 1  Digital technology and writing  Tier 2 and Tier 3: Paving the way for success  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 12: Difficulties with spelling  Best practices in spelling instruction  Developmental stages  Spelling as a complex behaviour  Teaching spelling  Word study  Spelling rules  Dictation  Spelling lists  Developing strategic spellers  Intervention strategies for Tier 2 and Tier 3  Tutoring individual students  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 13: Numeracy and basic mathematical skills  Contemporary perspectives on mathematics teaching  Learning difficulties in mathematics  Assisting students with learning difficulties  What should be taught?  A diagnostic approach  Teaching at concrete and semi-concrete levels  Teaching computation skills  Calculators  Developing problem-solving skills and strategies  Students with specific talents in mathematics  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 14: Teaching methods  Selecting Tier 1 teaching methods  Teacher-led approaches  Teaching approaches based on constructivist principles  Computer-based instruction (CBI) and computer-aided learning (CAL)  E-learning  Online resources  Print resources  Chapter 15: Differentiating the curriculum and adapting instruction  Adaptations and differentiation  Key principle: Keep it simple  Starting points for differentiation  Adapting curriculum content and learning activities  Homework assignments  Adapting instructional materials  Differentiating products from lessons  Adapting teaching strategies  Adapting assessment  Accommodations for students with disabilities  Universal Design for Learning  Online resources  Print resources  References  Index

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Peter Westwood is currently a freelance education consultant and writer. He is widely published in the field of education and his range of books includes Inclusive and Adaptive Teaching and Learning Disorders, both published by Routledge.


"Peter Westwood is highly respected world-wide for producing easy to read, common-sense methods which are practical to implement…he presents great advice that is easily applied to classroom practice"

Dr Bruce Allen Knight, Professor of Education, Central Queensland University, Australia