Communism, Nationalism and Ethnicity in Poland, 1944–1950: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Communism, Nationalism and Ethnicity in Poland, 1944–1950

1st Edition

By Michael Fleming


206 pages | 5 B/W Illus.

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This book fills a significant gap in the study of the establishment of communist rule in Poland in the key period of 1944–1950. It shows that nationalism and nationality policy were fundamentally important in the consolidation of communist rule, acting as a crucial nexus through which different groups were both coerced and were able to consent to the new unfolding social and political order.

Drawing on extensive archival research, including national and regional archives in Poland, it provides a detailed and nuanced understanding of the early years of communist rule in Poland. It shows how after the war the communist Polish Workers Party (PPR) was able to redirect widespread anger resulting from the actions of the NKVD, Soviet Army and the communists to more ‘realistic’ targets such as minority communities, and that this displacement of anger helped the party to connect with a broader constituency and present itself as the only party able to protect Polish interests. It considers the role played by the West, including the endorsement by the Grand Alliance of homogenising policies such as population transfer. It also explores the relationship between the communists and other powerful institutions in Polish society, such as the Catholic Church which was treated fairly liberally until late 1947 as it played an important function in identifying who was Polish. Finally, the book considers important episodes – hitherto neglected by scholars – that shed new light upon the emergence of the Cold War and the contours of Cold War geopolitics, such as the ‘Westphalian incident’ of 1947–48, and the arrival of Greek refugees in Poland in the period 1948–1950.

Table of Contents

1: Introduction 2: Ethnicity And Nation: The International Consensus 3: Manipulating Social Anger 4: Violence 5: Securing The Church 6: Rupturing Homogeneity? Class And National Identities 7: Conclusion

About the Author

Michael Fleming is Associate Professor at the Academy of Humanities and Economics, Lodz, Poland; and Lecturer at the Polish University Abroad in London, UK. He is the author of National Minorities in Post-Communist Poland (2003).

About the Series

BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies

This series is published on behalf of BASEES (the British Association for Slavonic and East European Studies). The series comprises original, high-quality, research-level work by both new and established scholars on all aspects of Russian, Soviet, post-Soviet and East European Studies in humanities and social science subjects.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / Europe / Eastern
HISTORY / Europe / Former Soviet Republics
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies