2nd Edition

Community Justice





ISBN 9780415780278
Published November 26, 2010 by Routledge
158 Pages 1 B/W Illustrations

USD $65.95

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Book Description

Community Justice discusses concepts of community within the context of justice policy and programs, and addresses the important relationship between the criminal justice system and the community in the USA.

Taking a bold stance in the criminal justice debate, this book argues that crime management is more effective through the use of informal (as opposed to formal) social control. It demonstrates how an increasing number of criminal justice elements are beginning to understand that the development of partnerships within the community that enhance informal social control will lead to a stabilization and possible a decline in crime, especially violent crime, and make communities more liveable. Borrowing from an eclectic toolbox of ideas and strategies - community organizing, environmental crime prevention, private-public partnerships, justice initiatives – Community Justice puts forward a new approach to establishing safe communities, and highlights the failure of the current American justice system in its lack of vision and misuse of resources.

Providing detailed information about how community justice fits within each area of the criminal justice system, and including relevant case studies to exemplify this philosophy in action, this book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of subjects such as criminology, law and sociology.

Table of Contents

1. Criminal Justice and the Community  Criminal Justice and Social Justice  The Importance of "Place"  What is Community?  How Do Neighborhoods Affect Community Life?  Place-Based Strategies and Public Safety Goals  Community Oriented Strategies in Criminal Justice  Comprehensive Community Change Initiatives  Evaluation of Community Justice Initiatives  Community Justice Within Traditional Criminal Justice  Functions  Police  Courts  Corrections  Conclusion  Web Resources  References  2. Policing and Community Justice  A Brief History of Community Policing  Police and the Community: A Dual-Track Rationale  The Community Relations Rationale for Community Policing  The Police: Essential Services Ensnared in a Quandary  Police as a Symbol of Modern Culture  Police as a Function of the Legal System  Police as a Function of Power in Society  The Criminal Justice Rationale for Community Policing  Community Policing  Community-Building Strategies  Problem-Oriented Strategies  Broken Windows Strategies  Community Policing and Community Justice  Web Resources  References  3. The Courts and Community Justice  Criminal Cases, Communities, and Courts  The Two Functions of Criminal Courts  Adjudication of Complaints  Sanctioning Wrongdoers  How Courts Work Today  Is That the Way the Law Really Operates in Practice?  The Victim of Crime  The Community Court  A Historical Look at Community Courts  The Contemporary Community Court Movement  Community-Oriented Court Functions  Community-Oriented Adjudication  Community-Oriented Sanctioning  Courts for Specialized Communities  Drug Courts  Domestic Violence Courts  Mental Health Courts  Teen Courts  Re-Entry Courts  Web Resources  References  4. Corrections and Community Justice  Themes in Traditional Correctional Services  Offender Management  Risk  Treatment  Surveillance and Control  Punishment  Themes in Correctional Community Justice  Neighborhoods and Communities  Partnerships  Victims and Communities  Problem Solving  Restoration  Integrating Traditional Correctional Thought into the Community Justice Framework  How Community Justice Changes the Traditional Correctional Functions  Community Justice and Probation  Community Justice and the Jail  Community Justice and the Prison  Community Justice and Parole (Re-entry)  Community Corrections and Restoration  Women in Prison  Community Justice Centers in the Neighborhood Context: A Vision for the Future  Web Resources  References  5. The Future of Community Justice  The Essentials of Community Justice  Place  Adding Value  Public Safety  Varieties of Community Justice  Goals Continuum  Means Continuum  Four Prototypes of Community Justice Programs: The Models of Community Justice  Involvement Model  Partnership Model  Mobilization Model  Intermediary Model  Which Community Justice Model is Best?  Issues in Community Justice  The Future of Community Justice  References  Appendix Community Justice as a Strategy: How CASES Make it Work   Partnership Development  Information Analysis  Resource Leveraging  How Does Community Justice Look in the Long Term?

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Author(s)

Biography

Todd R. Clear is Dean of the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University, Newark NJ, USA. He is a past president of the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.

John Hamilton is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice Administration at Park University. He retired at the rank of Major from the Kansas City, Missouri Police Department after 26½ years of service. He has extensive experience in community policing and problem solving, and is also member of the Board of Directors for Synergy Services, Inc.

Eric Cadora is Founder and Director of the Justice Mapping Center. Prior to establishing the Center, he has served as Program Officer for The After Prison Initiative at the Open Society Institute; as Director for Research and Policy, Court Communications, and Day Centre divisions of the Centre for Alternative Sentencing and Employment Services (CASES); and has also conducted graduate work at New York University.