1st Edition

Community and Heritage Languages Schools Transforming Education Research, Challenges, and Teaching Practices

Edited By Ken Cruickshank, Joseph Lo Bianco, Merryl Wahlin Copyright 2024
    354 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    354 Pages 16 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This edited book offers a new look at community and heritage languages schools around the world, providing a comprehensive and nuanced portrait of language education and cultural understanding in and beyond school contexts. Covering research and practice, the contributors survey the global landscape of community and heritage language schools and explore new developments in the field to understand the challenges the schools face and discuss the impact they have on their students and surrounding communities. Chapters address key topics including language development, academic achievement, professional development, learner identity and agency, online learning and teaching disruptions. Contributors highlight learners’ voices throughout, with special attention to overlooked minority language communities and Indigenous voices.

    Through this wealth of thorough and insightful analysis, the contributors of this book position students of community/heritage languages schools as citizens of a plurilingual world who are central to global change. Abounding with original research, innovative ideas and cutting-edge teaching practices, this book is ideal for courses on multilingualism and language and culture.

    Contributor Biographies


    Chapter 1 Community/Heritage Languages Schools Transforming Education: Beyond complementary, more than integration

    Chapter 2 Teaching and Learning Community Languages in Scotland during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges, opportunities, and innovations

    Chapter 3 Reimagining ‘Language’, ‘Community’, and ‘Identity’ in Community Language Learning

    Chapter 4 New Possibilities for Heritage Languages within a Reshaped Language Education Landscape: Lessons from the Critical Connections Multilingual Digital Storytelling Project

    Chapter 5 Arabic Heritage Schools as Sites of Multilingualism and Positive Identity Building in the UK

    Chapter 6 Leading Community/ Heritage Languages Schools

    Chapter 7 ‘Progressing Progressions’: Design Considerations in the Development of Language Learning Progressions for Community Language Learners

    Chapter 8 Teacher Professional Identities Across Sectors

    Chapter 9 "The school made me realise that all Chinese people are different": Constructing Interculturality and Pupils’ Identity in Two Community Schools

    Chapter 10 Reasons and Resistance: Parents’ Reflections on Community Language Education in Swedish and Vietnamese Schools

    Chapter 11 Transnational Vietnamese Parents as Managers of Heritage Language Education: The "How" of "What"

    Chapter 12 Confronting a Monolingual Mindset: Exploring Pathways to Accreditation for Community Languages Teachers

    Chapter 13 Community Language School Teachers’ Emotions and Professional Learning

    Chapter 14 Charting Pedagogies for Community/ Heritage Language Learning Within a More Unified, Pluralist View of Languageand Literacy Education

    Chapter 15 Community Language Learning Supported by Religious and Spiritual Contexts

    Chapter 16 Religion in Community Language Schools: The beliefs of Brazilian teachers in England

    Chapter 17 Case Studies: Greek, Arabic and Tamil Language Schools

    Chapter 18 Parallel Lines: Community/Heritage Languages Schools and Future Research



    Ken Cruickshank is professor of education and TESOL at the University of Sydney and Director of the Sydney Institute for Community Languages Education (SICLE), Australia.

    Joseph Lo Bianco is Professor Emeritus of Language and Literacy Education at the Melbourne Graduate School of Education, Australia, and Vice President of the Autralian Academy of the Humanities.

    Merryl Wahlin is an experienced government and non-government languages consultant and is Deputy Director of the Sydney Institute of Community Language Education (SICLE), Australia.