Compact Cities and Sustainable Urban Development
A Critical Assessment of Policies and Plans from an International Perspective
This title was first published in 2000. Encouraging, even requiring, higher density urban development is a major policy in the European Community and of Agenda 21, and a central principle of growth management programmes used by cities around the world. This work takes a critical look at a number of claims made by proponents of this initiative, seeking to answer whether indeed this strategy controls the spread of urban suburbs into open lands, is acceptable to residents, reduces trip lengths and encourages use of public transit, improves efficiency in providing urban infrastructure and services, and results in environmental improvements supporting higher quality of life in cities.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction – Compact Cities and Sustainable Development, G. de Roo, D. Miller Part A: The Dilemmas of Compact City Development 2. Urban Consolidation and the Beliefs of Intensification, M. Jenks, K. Williams and E. Burton 3. Environmental Planning and the Compact City – a Dutch Perspective, G. de Roo 4. Compact Urban Policies in Randstad Holland, M. Dijst 5. Towards an Evaluation Methodology for Urban Concepts, D.M.E.G.W. Snellen, A.W.J. Borges and H.J.P. Timmermans 6. The Contribution of Conversation Areas to Urban Sustainability, J. Lynch and J. Doak Part B: Problems in Renewing and Reusing Sites to Increase Densities 7. Urban Regeneration in Districts Built in the 1950’s, D.J. Tijl snf M.W.G. van Diggelen 8. Sustainable Inner City Renewal, H. Hinsley 9. Soil Sanitation: The Link with Urban Planning, H. Hofstra 10. ‘Polluter Pays’- but who IS it? Implications for Reclamation of Abandoned Industrial Sites, P.B. Meyer Part C: Measuring Environmental Quality Perceptions 11. Living with Industry in Compact Communities: Neighbourhood Safety and the Quality of Community Life, R.J. Burby, D.M. Moore 12. Green Grass and Brown Roots: Understanding Environmental Problems in Disadvantaged Neighbourhoods, J. Leitmann, G. McGranahan, C. Surjadi 13. ‘Bandwidth’, a Framework for Integration Between Environmental, Economic, Traffic and Other Urban Aspects, L. van Holten, P.M. Schildwacht, P. Segaar Part D: Citizen Participation Strategies and Methods 14. Participation Strategies for Urban Infrastructure: The Australian Experience, D. Snashall 15. Citizen Mobilization for Environmental Justice: Facilitating and Inhabiting Factors, R.O. Washington 16.Reducting Auto Dependency in Central City: Visions and Expectations Turned into Concrete Participation, M. Schultz 17. Public Participation – For What Reasons?, T. Holsen Part E: Impacts of Automobile Dependency in Compact Cities 18. Changing Mobility Patterns in a Compact City: Environmental Impacts, M.E. Bouwman 19. The Case of the Paris Region, and its Urban Density and Mobility: What Do We Know? What Can We Do?, V. Fouchier 20. Trip Making and Urban Density: Comparing British and Dutch Survey Data, A.M.L van Diepen Part F: Strategies for Reducing Traffic Impacts in Compact Cities 21. The Leeds Transport Strategy, B. Walker and J. Wallis 22. The E-Scenario: A Different Way of Dealing with the Problems of Traffic in and Around Compact Cities, P. Ottens 23. Heavy Vehicles in the Compact City: A Combined Advanced Information/Land Use System, G. Dobilas, R.M. Soberman and A. Waterhouse
Gert De Roo, Donald Miller