Comparative Studies in Modern European History: Nation, Nationalism, Social Change, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Comparative Studies in Modern European History

Nation, Nationalism, Social Change, 1st Edition

By Miroslav Hroch


336 pages

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The two main themes of this selection of articles by Professor Hroch are the process of nation formation during the 19th century, especially in the case of 'smaller' European nations, i.e. those without statehood, and the social and political aspects of the transition from a pre-modern, feudal and traditional society to a modern capitalist one and the uneven pace of this change in the West and East of Europe. The author argues that we cannot study the process of nation-formation as a mere product of some nebulous 'nationalism'; we have to understand it as a part of social and cultural transformation, as a component of modernization of European societies, even though this modernization did not occur synchronically and had its regional specificities. Many of the papers focus specifically on the Czech case, but throughout there is an emphasis on comparative history.

Table of Contents

Contents: Introduction. Part 1 National movements: The social composition of the Czech patriots in Bohemia 1827-1848; From ethnic group toward the modern nation: the Czech case; Zionism as a European national movement; De l'ethnicité à la nation: un chemin oublié vers la modernité; The social interpretation of linguistic demands in European national movements; Social and territorial characteristics in the composition of leading groups of national movements; Real and constructed: the nature of the nation; National minority movements and their aims. Part 2 Nationalism: How much does a nation depend on nationalism?; Nationalism and national movements: comparing the past and present of Central and Eastern Europe; An unwelcome national identity or what to do about 'nationalism' in post-Communist countries; Eugen Lemberg's 'nationalismustheorie'. Part 3 Historical Heritage: Historical belles-lettres as a vehicle of the image of national history; Historical heritage: continuity and discontinuity in the construction of national histories (with J Malecková); The Czech discourse on Europe, 1848-1948. Part 4 Social Change: Die rolle des Zentraleuropäischen Handels im Ausgleich der Handelsbilanz zwischen Ost- und Westeuropa 1550-1650; Die rezeption der Französischen Revolution als Indikator des Fortschritts?; Zur Typologie der europäischen Revolutionen. Einige Ãœberlegungen zur nicht bestehenden Diskussion; Criteria and indicators of uneven development; Index.

About the Author

Dr Miroslav Hroch is Emeritus Professor of General History at Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

About the Series

Variorum Collected Studies

The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.

The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.

Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource. 

For further information about contributing to the series please contact Michael Greenwood at

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Modern / 19th Century
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century