This book, first published in 1983, is primarily concerned with the economic policies of the European Economic Community and the European Coal and Steel Community. It explains in detail how the common market was established and how it was maintained. Free competition cannot be created merely by removing customs duties and quotas: it is also necessary to attack the many non-tariff barriers which would otherwise impede free movement. Moreover, the Community sought to develop an industrial policy, notably in relation to the ECSC, to provide a stance towards declining industries suffering from Developing World competition.
1. Definitions and Distinctions 2. Tariffs, Quotas and Equivalent Measures 3. Non-Tariff Barriers – the State 4. Non-Tariff Barriers – Cartels 5. Non-Tariff Barriers – Concentrations and Other Issues 6. Industrial Policy – the EEC 7. Industrial Policy – the ECSC 8. Concluding Assessment