Competition in Agriculture : The United States in the World Market book cover
1st Edition

Competition in Agriculture
The United States in the World Market

ISBN 9781560228936
Published July 26, 2000 by CRC Press
358 Pages

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Book Description

Meet the challenges facing the U.S. agricultural market within the global arena!

Economists, agricultural scientists, farm leaders, and trade specialists will find the information they need to determine the importance of specific crops and livestock products in international markets in Competition in Agriculture. Analyzing costs, quality, and policy impacts on such products as beef, dairy, pork, poultry, corn, cotton, fruits, peanuts, rice, soybeans, vegetables, and wheat, Competition in Agriculture provides you with an understanding of international markets to help you design strategies that will increase competitiveness and prevent losses. Complete with research findings, tables, graphs, and studies of domestic and foreign economic and trade policies, this book will help you improve your export capabilities and streamline trade costs in order to maximize market presence.

This comprehensive book provides you with information from economic analyses that will help you determine the capability of important agricultural commodities to prosper in the growing international market. Competition in Agriculture offers you in-depth information that will assist you in enhancing and improving your status in the global marketplace. This valuable book:

  • discusses the three aspects of competitiveness--economic policies, geography, and history--to help you understand the factors that influence competitive positioning of agricultural products
  • defines competitiveness and examines factors that influence competitiveness, such as advances in technology; input costs; production economies; production quality and enterprise differentiation; promotion; and external factors, such as government policies and macroeconomic variables
  • analyzes the dramatic effects the North American Free Trade Agreement has had on the U.S. and the world market
  • examines how biotechnology affects the quality and quantity of crops and the implications this has on the world market
  • investigates changing market trends that are influenced by new technologies, alternative methods of expanding trade, new economic and agricultural policies of the United States and other countries, and new or modified trade agreements, among others
Offering effective approaches for measuring and understanding competitiveness, this knowledgeable reference gives you strategies for maximizing the potential of major crop and livestock products. Competition in Agriculture will help you meet the challenges facing the U.S. agricultural market within the global arena in order to improve the quality of food and maintain and increase export revenues in the United States.

Table of Contents


  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Foreword
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Agricultural Exports
  • Competitiveness
  • Plan of Book
  • References
  • Chapter 2. Agricultural Competitiveness Issues and Concepts
  • Issues in Agricultural Competitiveness
  • Definitions of Competitiveness
  • Factors Influencing Competitiveness
  • Indicators of Competitiveness
  • Chapter 3. The Competitiveness of U.S. Agriculture
  • Introduction
  • A Conceptual Framework
  • The Case of U.S. Agriculture
  • Comparison of Agricultural Growth in the United States and European Union
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 4. Corn
  • Introduction
  • The Record: Changing Competitiveness in the U.S. Corn Industry
  • Market Developments Influencing Competitiveness
  • U.S. Policy and Competitiveness
  • U.S. Trade Agreements and Corn Exports
  • Indirect Effects of International Policy Changes
  • Biotechnology and Competitiveness in the Corn Industry
  • Export Performance and Technology Adoption
  • Market Structure
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Wheat
  • Introduction
  • World Wheat Industry
  • Trade Agreements and Policies
  • Regional and National Competitiveness
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 6. Rice
  • Introduction
  • United States Relative Cost of Production and Milling
  • United States Agriculture Policy
  • Rice Trade Agreements, Rules, and Regulations
  • Impact of El Niño on Global Rice Production
  • The Arkansas Global Rice Model
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 7. Soybeans
  • Introduction
  • Soybean Trade Research
  • Competitive Position of the U.S. Soybean Industry
  • Trade Agreements
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 8. Cotton
  • Introduction
  • Imports and Exports
  • Trade Research in Cotton
  • Competitiveness of U.S. Cotton
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 9. Peanuts
  • Production
  • Trade
  • Competitive Position of the U.S. Peanut Industry
  • Agriculture and Trade Policy
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. Fruits
  • Introduction
  • Fruit Production
  • Citrus Fruits
  • Noncitrus Fruit
  • Agricultural and Trade Policy Impacts
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 11. Vegetables
  • Introduction
  • Vegetable Trade Research
  • Competitive Position of the U.S. Vegetable Industry
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 12. Miscellaneous Crops
  • Wine
  • Sugar
  • Tobacco
  • Implications for U.S. Trade in Wine, Sugar, and Tobacco
  • Chapter 13. Beef
  • Introduction
  • The Changing Dynamics of World Beef Demand
  • Overview of World Meat and Fish Consumption, 1985-1997
  • Trends in World Beef Production, 1985-1997
  • Trends in World Beef Consumption, 1985-1997
  • Trends in World Beef Trade, 1985-1997
  • U.S. Competitiveness in World Beef Markets
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 14. Poultry
  • Poultry Trade Research
  • Competitive Position of the U.S. Poultry Industry
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 15. Pork
  • Introduction
  • Structural Change in U.S. Port Industry
  • The Changing Dynamics of Port Consumption
  • U.S. Competitiveness in Global Port Markets
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 16. The Food Processing Industry
  • Introduction
  • U.S. Exports of Processed Foods
  • U.S. Imports of Processed Foods
  • The Competitive Environment for Processed Foods
  • Competitive Position of the United States
  • Trade Agreements, Rules, and Regulations
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 17. North American Free Trade and U.S. Agriculture
  • Introduction
  • CUSTA and NAFTA Implementation
  • Overview of Agricultural Trade in NAFTA Countries
  • NAFTA Impacts on Selected Commodities
  • Animals and Animal Products
  • Grains and Oilseeds
  • Horticultural Products
  • Other Commodities
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 18. Biotechnology and Competitiveness
  • Introduction
  • Agrobiotechnology and Value Creation
  • Value Appropriation and Firm and Industry Competitiveness
  • Network Competitiveness
  • Impacts of Agrobiotechnology on National Competitiveness
  • Conclusions
  • Chapter 19. Findings and Implications
  • Introduction
  • Importance of Agricultural Exports
  • Market Shares
  • Factors Affecting Competitiveness
  • Technology
  • Effects of Trade Agreements
  • Conclusions
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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