Competition seems to be an inevitable part of present-day elections in the United States. However, recent publications have debated whether we should encourage or discourage competitive elections. In Competitive Elections and Democracy in America, Heather Evans closely examines the debate over competition in elections and questions whether or not they are beneficial for democracy in the US.
Evans clearly lays out the basis of the debate over competition and defines what exactly constitutes a competitive election. She then uses an innovative data set that she assembled to analyze the 2006-2010 congressional elections, testing whether the competitiveness of an election affects citizens’ political knowledge, political interest, and opinions of Congress, their representatives, and the governmental system as a whole. She subsequently evaluates the positive effects that competitive elections have on constituencies, and in turn gives equal weight to the negative effects. An examination of the effects "ugly" campaigns have on voters is also incorporated, relevant to today’s oft-used "mud-slinging" campaign tactics. Evans concludes with a thoughtful and analytical assessment of whether competition is valuable for elections, and how to increase competition if it indeed has merit for political campaigns.
Through the book’s analyses, Evans demonstrates that competitive elections do have lasting effects on voters that go beyond just the length of a campaign. Her research reinforces the vital role that political competition plays in modern democracies, and offers a careful evaluation of how and why competitive elections affect citizens in the US.
Table of Contents
1. Are You Ready to Rumble? It is Election Season Again! 2. The "Good": How Competitive Elections Positively Affect Citizens and Democracy. 3. The "Bad": How Competitive Elections Negatively Affect Citizens and Democracy. 4. The "Ugly": Competitive Elections are More Negative, Even on Twitter. 5. Final Thoughts on Competition
Heather K. Evans is an Assistant Professor at Sam Houston State University. Her research interests include youth political engagement, elections, female representation in the discipline, and the effect of entertainment media on political attitudes. Her research has been published in PS: Political Science and Politics and the Journal of Political Science Education.
"Competitive Elections: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly examines an important topic that has far-reaching consequences for democracy. Evans does a great job discussing competing perspectives of competitive elections and brings unique data to bear on these questions. This book offers significant contributions to the study of American politics."
—Jennifer Hayes Clark, University of Houston
"Heather Evans provides a fresh perspective about the role of competition in American congressional elections. While she supports the conventional wisdom that competitiveness can be very healthy for American democracy, she supplies evidence for some of the less heralded downsides it generates in politics as well. Evans successfully points out that understanding both sides of this equation is crucial to fairly evaluate the quality of the electoral system in the United States."
—Brian Frederick, Bridgewater State University