Political and societal elites are increasingly confronted with complex environments in which they need to take collective decisions. Decision-makers are faced with policy issues situated at different intertwined levels which need to be negotiated with different actors. The negotiation and decision-making processes raise issues of legitimacy, leadership and communication. Modern societal systems are not only affected by horizontal specialization and diversity but also by a vertical expansion of governance layers. The national level is no longer the sole, or even the most important, level of governance. In these complex environments, cognitive abilities and personalities of political and societal elites have gained importance.
This book addresses the impact of an increasingly complex environment on the legitimacy and transparency of polities, on the role of leadership and political personality and on motivated images, rhetoric and communication. Examining how these issues interact at the macro and theoretical level, the types of problems decision-makers face and how they communicate ideas with their audiences, it brings together leading experts in political psychology, law and political science to bridge the gap in the way these disciplines explore the issue of complex decision-making.
Table of Contents
Peter Bursens, Christ’l De Landtsheer, Luc Braeckmans and Barbara Segaert
Part I: Complex Decision Making and Legitamcy
1. Covert Integration of Core State Powers: Renegotiating Incomplete Contracts
2. Patterns of Covert Integration in EU Governance. Response to Adrienne Héritier
Dirk De Bièvre and Peter Bursens
3. Collective Decision Making within the European Union’s Legislative Competences: A Need for Change?
4. Diversity and Democratic Legitimacy in the EU: What Can We Learn from Other Federal Systems?
Matthias Vileyn and Peter Bursens
5. Controlling Covert Integration in EU Politics
Johan Adriaensen and Evelyn Coremans
Part II: Complex Decision Making and Leadership
6. Leaders under Stress: Does Cognitive Ability Affect Career Stability?
7. Is Complexity a Stable Personality Construct Component or Is It (Just) a Matter of Style and Propaganda? Response to Peter Suedfeld
Christ’l De Landtsheer
8. Political Personality and Complex Decision Making: The Psychological Profile and Leadership Style of Angela Merkel, the World’s Most Powerful Woman
Jurriaan Middelhoff, Petronella Schijvenaars and Christ’l De Landtsheer
Part III: Complex Decision Making and Communication
9. Collective Decision Making in Complex Matters: Decision-making Processes at an International Level
10. The Ukranian Crisis Revisited. Response to Richard Herrmann
11. Politics, It Has Never Been So Simple. Complex versus Simplistic Rhetoric and the Use of Hyperbole in Political Decision-making in the Netherlands
Lieuwe Kalkhoven and Christ’l De Landtsheer
Complex Political Decision Making: Leadership, Legitimacy and Communication
Christ’l De Landtsheer and Peter Bursens
Peter Bursens is Professor of Political Science at the Department of Political Science of the University of Antwerp, Belgium. He also teaches at the Antwerp Management School and at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and holds a Jean Monnet Chair ad personam from the European Commission.
Christ'l De Landtsheer is Professor at the Department of Communication of the University of Antwerp, Belgium. She has taught at numerous institutions across Europe, Russia, the United States and China. Her interests are in the psychology of politics and political personality, as well as political rhetoric and metaphor.
Luc Braeckmans is Professor at the Department of Philosophy at the University of Antwerp, Belgium, and Chair of the Centre for Andragogy. He is also Director of Academic Affairs of the University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp, Belgium.
Barbara Segaert is Scientific Coordinator at the University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp, Belgium.