Complex and Dusty Plasmas: From Laboratory to Space, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Complex and Dusty Plasmas

From Laboratory to Space, 1st Edition

By Vladimir E. Fortov, Gregor E. Morfill

CRC Press

440 pages | 172 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781420083118
pub: 2009-12-23
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Dusty or complex plasmas are plasmas containing solid or liquid charged particles referred to as dust. Naturally occurring in space, they are present in planetary rings and comet tails, as well as clouds found in the vicinity of artificial satellites and space stations. On a more earthly level, dusty plasmas are now being actively researched as dust plays a key role in technological plasma applications associated with etching technologies in microelectronics, as well as with production of thin films and nanoparticles.

Complex and Dusty Plasmas: From Laboratory to Space provides a balanced and consistent picture of the current status of the field by covering new developments in experimental and theoretical research. Drawing from research performed across the earth and even beyond by an internationally diverse group of pioneering researchers, this book covers a wealth of topics. It delves into —

  • Major types of complex plasmas in ground-based and microgravity experiments
  • Properties of the magnetized, thermal, cryogenic, ultraviolet, nuclear-induced complex plasmas and plasmas with nonspherical particles
  • Major forces acting on the particles and features of the particle dynamics in complex plasmas, as well as basic plasma-particle interactions,
  • Recent research results on phase transitions between crystalline and liquid complex plasma states
  • Astrophysical aspects of dusty plasmas and numerical simulation of their properties
  • Dust as a source of contamination in many applications including reactors

An important feature of this work is the detailed discussion of unique experimental and theoretical aspects of complex plasmas related to the investigations under microgravity conditions performed onboard Mir and ISS space stations. Much of what we know today would not be possible without cooperation between researchers of various nations, many of whom serve as key contributors to this book. Whether deepening their knowledge of things interstellar or developing new applications and products for use in manufacturing, energy, and communication or even fields yet dreamt of, these pages provide the knowledge, approaches, and insight that all researchers of complex plasmas need.


Vladimir Fortov and Gregor Morfill both have very extensive research experience in the field of complex and dusty plasmas and are, therefore, excellent choices as editors of this collection of nine comprehensive chapters. As well as contributing as co-authors to some of the chapters, the editors have succeeded in collecting an internationally leading group of researchers to contribute specialist chapters that together provide a balanced overview of the current status of this field. … For all those entering research involving complex and dusty plasmas, this book is recommended as a valuable resource. Those who have been working in this research field for some time should also benefit from the extensive coverage of the subject provided by the expert contributors.

—Alan Phelps, Contemporary Physics, 2011

Complex and Dusty Plasmas takes the reader on a carefully guided, detailed tour through many of the major subject areas within the field. … a well-written text providing a thorough review of the present state of dusty-plasma physics. The authors and editors have done a good job of covering the major issues in dusty-plasma physics from a fundamental level and have also discussed the application of those principles to real-world systems. The latest developments in the field are discussed and perspective is given for addressing future issues. … This text will be a useful tool not only to those new to the field, but will also be a valuable reference for the present community.

Radio Science Bulletin, March 2011

Table of Contents

1. Types of experimental complex plasmas, Vladimir E. Fortov, Alexey G. Khrapak, Vladimir I. Molotkov, Gregor E. Morfill,Oleg F. Petrov, Hubertus M. Thomas, Olga S. Vaulina, Sergey V. Vladimirov

1.1 Complex plasmas in rf discharges

1.1.1 The GEC-RF-Reference Cell

1.1.2 Symmetrically driven rf discharge for microgravity experiments

1.1.3 Complex plasmas in inductively coupled discharges

1.2 Complex plasmas in dc discharges

1.2.1 Ground-based experiments

1.2.2 Microgravity experiments

1.3 Thermal complex plasmas

1.3.1 Source of thermal plasma with macroparticles

1.3.2 Plasma diagnostics

1.3.3 Particle diagnostics

1.3.4 Spatially ordered structures in thermal plasmas

1.4 Other types of complex plasmas

1.4.1 Complex plasmas at cryogenic temperatures

1.4.2 Experiments with a complex plasma induced by UV-radiation

1.4.3 Nuclear-induced and track complex plasmas

1.4.4 Particle structures in a dc discharge in the presence of magnetic fields

1.4.5 .Small dust structures: Coulomb or Yukawa clusters and balls

1.4.6 Complex plasmas with non-spherical particles

1.5 Formation and growth of dust particles

2. Basic plasma.particle interactions, Sergey A. Khrapak and Alexey V. Ivlev

2.1 Charging of particles in complex plasmas

2.1.1 Charging in collisionless plasmas

2.1.2 Effect of plasma collisionality on the particle charging

2.1.3 Experimental determination of the particle charge

2.1.4 Emission processes

2.1.5 Quasineutrality of complex plasmas

2.1.6 Fluctuations of the particle charge

2.2 Electric potential distribution around a particle

2.2.1 Isotropic plasmas

2.2.2 Anisotropic plasmas

2.3 Interparticle interactions

2.3.1 Isotropic plasmas

2.3.2 Anisotropic plasmas

2.3.3 Experiments

2.4 Momentum exchange

2.4.1 Momentum transfer cross section

2.4.2 Momentum exchange rates

2.4.3 Momentum exchange diagram

2.5 Forces on particles

2.5.1 Ion drag force

2.5.2 Other forces

2.6 Particle surface temperature

3. Particle dynamics, Alexey V. Ivlev

3.1 Vertical oscillations in an rf sheath

3.2 Non-Hamiltonian dynamics

3.2.1 Role of variable charges

3.2.2 Role of plasma wakes

3.3 Kinetics of ensembles with variable charges

4. Waves and instabilities, Alexey V. Ivlev and Sergey A. Khrapak

4.1 Wave excitation technique

4.2 Waves in ideal (gaseous) complex plasmas

4.2.1 Major wave modes

4.2.2 Damping and instabilities

4.3 Waves in strongly coupled (liquid) complex plasmas

4.3.1 Longitudinal waves

4.3.2 Transverse waves

4.4 Waves in plasma crystals

4.4.1 One-dimensional strings

4.4.2 Two-dimensional triangular lattice

4.4.3 Three-dimensional plasma crystals

4.4.4 Instabilities in plasma crystals

4.5 Nonlinear waves

4.5.1 Ion solitons and shocks

4.5.2 Dust solitons and shocks

4.5.3 Mach cones iii

5. Kinetic studies of fluids and solids with complex plasmas, Alexey V. Ivlev, Gregor E. Morfll, and Sergey A. Khrapak

5.1 Phase diagram of complex pilasma

5.2 Strongly coupled fluids

5.2.1 Atomistic dynamics in fluids

5.2.2 Kinetics of stable shear flows

5.2.3 Kinetics of heat transport

5.2.4 Hydrodynamics at the discreteness limit

5.2.5 Confined fluids

5.2.6 Electrorheological fluids

5.3 Solids

5.3.1 Atomistic dynamics in crystals

5.3.2 Scalings in 2D crystallization

5.3.3 Dynamics of dislocations

5.3.4 3D crystallization

6. Dusty plasmas in the solar system, Mihaly Horanyi, Ove Havnes, Gregor E. Morfll

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Noctilucent clouds

6.3 Planetary rings

6.3.1 Simplfied dynamics

6.3.2 Saturn's E-ring

6.3.3 Spokes

6.4 Lunar surface

6.4.1 Imaging

6.4.2 Plasma and electric field measurements

6.4.3 Dust measurements

6.4.4 The lunar dust environment

6.5 Summary

7. Numerical simulation of complex plasmas, Olga S. Vaulina and Boris A. Klumov

7.1 Molecular dynamics simulations of complex plasmas: Basic concepts

7.1.1 Methods of simulation of the dynamics of dust particles

7.1.2 Equations of motion of dust particles

7.2 Numerical simulation of spatial correlations between dust particles

7.2.1 Pair and three-particle correlation functions

7.2.2 Pair correlation functions and phase states of the particle subsystems

7.3 Transport properties of complex plasma: Numerical study

7.3.1 Transport of particles in non-ideal media

7.3.2 Diffusivity

7.3.3 Viscosity

7.4 Complex plasmas in narrow channels

7.4.1 2D complex plasmas in narrow channels

7.4.2 3D complex plasmas in narrow channels

7.5 Crystallization waves in complex plasmas

7.5.1 Local order analysis of 3D data

7.6 On the role of dust in cometary plasma

7.7 Electronegative complex plasmas

8. Diagnostics of complex plasma, Oleg F. Petrov and Olga S. Vaulina

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Light scattering and absorption measurements

8.2.1 Mie theory

8.2.2 Determination of the size, concentration, and refractive index of particles

8.3 Spectral methods of determination of particle parameters

8.3.1 Particle temperature

8.3.2 The spectrometric method of the particle size and refractive index determination

8.3.3 Simultaneous determination of the particle size, refractive index, and temperature

8.3.4 The effect of particles on the determination of the concentration of alkali metal atoms and the gas temperature

9. Applications, Vladimir E. Fortov, Alexey G. Khrapak, Sergey V. Vladimirov

9.1 Technological and industrial aspects

9.2 Dust in fusion reactors

9.3 Nuclear photovoltaic electric battery

About the Series

Series in Plasma Physics

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science
SCIENCE / Physics