Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling is a tool that is routinely used in fire engineering analysis and the design of buildings. This guide gives background to the CFD methodology for 'non-experts' (such as those who may have to review or approve designs where CFD has been used). It discusses the application of CFD in building design giving guidance on best practice and focussing on fire safety, ventilation, thermal comfort and wind movement around buildings.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 2 Computational fluid dynamics explained 2.1 Grids 2.2 Sub-models 2.3 Other models 3 Computational fluid dynamics in use 3.1 Resources 3.2 Analysis of results Building applications 4 Fire safety design 4.1 Data input 4.2 Data output 4.3 Post processing 4.4 Modelling assumptions 4.5 Fire investigation 5 Ventilation and thermal comfort 5.1 Defining indoor thermal comfort 6 Wind loading 6.1 Effect of turbulence models in wind loading calculations 6.2 Atmospheric boundary layer 6.3 Domain size 7 Micro-climate around buildings 7.1 Identification of potential issues 7.2 Wind climate 7.3 Criteria for pedestrian comfort 7.4 Outdoor thermal comfort criteria 8 Fire simulation case study 9 Natural ventilation case study