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Computational Science and its Applications




ISBN 9780367256234
Published October 21, 2020 by Chapman and Hall/CRC
416 Pages 175 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Computational science is a rapidly growing multidisciplinary field concerned with the design, implementation, and use of mathematical models to analyze and solve real-world problems. It is an area of science that spans many disciplines and which involves the development of models and allows the use of computers to perform simulations or numerical analysis to understand problems that are computational and theoretical.

Computational Science and its Applications provides an opportunity for readers to develop abilities to pose and solve problems that combine insights from one or more disciplines from the natural sciences with mathematical tools and computational skills. This requires a unique combination of applied and theoretical knowledge and skills. The topics covered in this edited book are applications of wavelet and fractals, modeling by partial differential equations on flat structure as well as on graphs and networks, computational linguistics, prediction of natural calamities and diseases like epilepsy seizure, heart attack, stroke, biometrics, modeling through inverse problems, interdisciplinary topics of physics, mathematics, and medical science, and modeling of terrorist attacks and human behavior. The focus of this book is not to educate computer specialists, but to provide readers with a solid understanding of basic science as well as an integrated knowledge on how to use essential methods from computational science.

Features:

  • Modeling of complex systems
  • Cognitive computing systems for real-world problems
  • Presentation of inverse problems in medical science and their numerical solutions
  • Challenging research problems in many areas of computational science

This book could be used as a reference book for researchers working in theoretical research as well as those who are doing modeling and simulation in such disciplines as physics, biology, geoscience, and mathematics, and those who have a background in computational science.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Ingredients for applied Fourier analysis

Hans G. Feichtinger

Chapter 2: Industrial applications of optimal control for partial differential equations on networks: reduction and decomposition methods applied to the discrete-continuous control of gas flow in complex pipe systems

Gunter Leugering

Chapter 3: A model to access the role of spatial urban configurations on crowd evacuation dynamics during terrorist attacks

D. Provitolo, R. Lozi and E. Tric

Chapter 4: Free radical processes in medical grade UHMWPE

M. Shah Jahan, Benjamin Walters, Afsana Sharmin and Saghar Gomrok

Chapter 5: Computational algorithms for ill-posed inverse problems

Taufiquar Khan

Chapter 6: On an efficient family of Steffensen like methods for finding nonlinear equations

Vali Torkashvand and Manochehr Kazemi

Chapter 7: Computational methods for conformable fractional differential equations

A. H. Siddiqi, Ram Chandra Singh and Santosh Kumar

Chapter 8: Pan-sharpening using modified nonlocal means based guided image filter in NSCT domain

Tarlok Singh and Pammy Manchanda

Chapter 9: Moser-Trudinger and Adams inequalities

Kunnath Sandeep

Chapter 10: Computational ship hydrodynamics: Modeling and Simulation

Sashikumaar Ganesan, Bhanu Teja and Thivin Anandh

Chapter 11: DNA-drug interaction: insight from computer simulations

Anurag Upadhyaya, Shesh Nath and Sanjay Kumar

Chapter 12: A graphical user interface for palmprint recognition

Rohit Khokher and Ram Chandra Singh

Chapter 13: Wavelet approach for the classification of autism spectrum disorder

Noore Zahra, Kahkashan Tabassum, Sahar A. El Rahman, Hussah N. AlEisa and Mona Jamjoom

Chapter 14: De-noising Raman spectra using total variation de-noising with iterative clipping algorithm

Padmesh Tripathi, Nitendra Kumar and A. H. Siddiqi

Chapter 15: An efficient identity based mutual authentication protocol for cloud computing

Vinod Kumar and Musheer Ahmad

Chapter 16: Development of statistical yield forecast model for rice using weather variables over Gorakhpur district of eastern U.P.

R. Bhatla, Rachita Tulshyan, Babita Dani and A. Tripathi

Chapter 17: Cognitive computing agent systems: an approach to build future real-world intelligent applications

A. Chandiok, A. Prakash, A. H. Siddiqi and D. K. Chaturvedi

Chapter 18: Controllability of quasilinear stochastic fractional dynamical systems in Hilbert spaces

R. Mabel Lizzy and K. Balachandran

Chapter 19: The advection-dispersion equation with zero-order production term and various seepage velocity patterns in a heterogeneous medium

Amit Kumar Pandey and Mritunjay Kumar Singh

Chapter 20: On the application of genetic algorithm and support vector machine for brain tumor classification of MRI images

D. Gupta and M. Ahmad

Chapter 21: Proximinality and remotality in abstract spaces

Sangeeta and T. D. Narang

Chapter 22: Conformable fractional Laguerre and Chebyshev differential equations with corresponding fractional polynomials

Ajay Dixit and Amit Ujlayan

Chapter 23: Computational linguistics - inverse problems and emerging mathematical concepts

Sana Arif Ansari and Masood Alam

Chapter 24: Legendre wavelets method for solution of first kind Volterra problems

Pooja, J. Kumar, P. Manchanda

Chapter 25: Computational linguistic analysis of retail e-commerce

Rashmi Bharadwaj and Aashima Bangia

Chapter 26: Impact of data assimilation on simulation of a monsoonal heavy rainfall event over India using ARW modelling system

Shilpi Kalra, Sushil Kumar, A. Routray

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Late Prof. A. H. Siddiqi was an Indian Mathematician and Professor of Applied Mathematics. He was serving as Professor Emeritus in the School of Basic Sciences and Research at Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. He has also served as a Former Pro Vice-Chancellor, Aligarh Muslim University. Siddiqi was also the President of Indian Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics (ISIAM). He has authored 12 books, edited 12 volumes and published more 100 research papers. He has also held important administrative positions in AMU and other institutions of repute.

Dr. R. C. Singh has rich experience of more than 30 years as a researcher out of which more than 10 years as Professor of Physics. Presently, Dr. Singh is Professor of Physics and in addition to that he is also Controller of Examinations of Sharda University. Dr. Singh obtained his doctorate from Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi in theoretical Condensed Matter Physics. He obtained his B.Sc. (Hons.) and M.Sc. degrees also in Physics from Banaras Hindu University. Dr. Singh has published more than 30 research papers in peer-reviewed international journals and conference proceedings. He has authored one book and co-edited seven conference proceedings. His area of research interest includes study of phase transitions in molecular liquids using density-functional theory; Time-series analysis using wavelets; Biometrics and Solar cells.

Dr. G. D. Veerappa Gowda is Professor at TIFR Centre for Applicable Mathematics, Bangalore. He has done fundamental work in the areas of Hyperbolic conservation laws, Control theory and Numerical approximation of conservation laws. Dr. Gowda obtained an explicit formula for the entropy weak solution of convex conservation laws with boundary conditions, extending the earlier work of Hopf and Lax for the initial value problem. Dr. Gowda has developed numerical schemes to solve problems arising in oil recovery and sand pile problem on a vertical source.