Computer Architecture: Software Aspects, Coding, and Hardware, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Computer Architecture

Software Aspects, Coding, and Hardware, 1st Edition

By John Y. Hsu

CRC Press

456 pages | 130 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849310263
pub: 2001-01-18
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Description

With the new developments in computer architecture, fairly recent publications can quickly become outdated. Computer Architecture: Software Aspects, Coding, and Hardware takes a modern approach. This comprehensive, practical text provides that critical understanding of a central processor by clearly detailing fundamentals, and cutting edge design features. With its balanced software/hardware perspective and its description of Pentium processors, the book allows readers to acquire practical PC software experience. The text presents a foundation-level set of ideas, design concepts, and applications that fully meet the requirements of computer organization and architecture courses.

The book features a "bottom up" computer design approach, based upon the author's thirty years experience in both academe and industry. By combining computer engineering with electrical engineering, the author describes how logic circuits are designed in a CPU. The extensive coverage of a micprogrammed CPU and new processor design features gives the insight of current computer development.

Computer Architecture: Software Aspects, Coding, and Hardware presents a comprehensive review of the subject, from beginner to advanced levels. Topics include:

o Two's complement numbers o Integer overflow

o Exponent overflow and underflow o Looping

o Addressing modes o Indexing

o Subroutine linking o I/O structures

o Memory mapped I/O o Cycle stealing

o Interrupts o Multitasking

o Microprogrammed CPU o Multiplication tree

o Instruction queue o Multimedia instructions

o Instruction cache o Virtual memory

o Data cache o Alpha chip

o Interprocessor communications o Branch prediction

o Speculative loading o Register stack

o JAVA virtual machine o Stack machine principles

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS

Prolog

History of Computers

Hardware Components in a Computer System

Software Components in a Computer System

Applications of Computers

How to Program a Computer

Simulate a Computer

Program Design Language

NUMBER SYSTEMS

Basic Mathematics

Positional Notation

Number Systems

Number Conversion

Data Representation

Bit Strings in Memory

BASIC COMPUTER PRINCIPLES

Stored Program Concept

Hardware Units in a CPU

Instruction Unit

Register Transfer Language

Instruction Execution Cycle

Execution Unit

Addresses in an Instruction

Hardware Execution

Software Interpretation

ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PRINCIPLES

Introduction

Pentium Processor

Assembler Language Statement Format

Pseudo Ops

Three Basic Addressing Modes

Machine Ops

Program Sequence Control

Looping Concept

Macros

COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE-GENERAL FEATURES

Addressing Modes

Indexing

Addressing Modes of 8086

Subroutine Linking

Interrupt Mechanisms

I/O Structure

Communication Port

Programming Interface with C

MICROPROGRAMMED CPU

History of Microprogramming

Two Basic Microcode Types

Microcode Engine

Microcode Assembly Language

Multiply Operations via One Adder

Divide Operations via One Adder

Other Types of Microinstructions

SUPERSCALAR MACHINE PRINCIPLES

Parallel Operations

Pipelined CPU

Cache Memory

Pentium Decoupled Pipe

Virtual Memory

Paging System

Segmentation with Paging

VECTOR AND MULTIPLE-PROCESSOR MACHINES

Vector Processors

Interprocessor Communications

Interprocessor Messages

Multistation System

Multiprocessing System

Computer Networks

PROCESSOR DESIGN CASE STUDIES

Complex Instruction Set Computer

Reduced Instruction Set Computer

Itanium Processor

Reduced Software Solution Computer

Other Distinctions

Virtual Machines

STACK MACHINE PRINCIPLES

Stack Machine Basics

Postfix Polish Notation

Operator Precedence

Simple Stack Machine

Stack Machine Assembly Language

Test Program for SSM315

Virtual Stack Machine

ACRONYMS AND ABREVIATIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM011000
COMPUTERS / Systems Architecture / General
COM059000
COMPUTERS / Computer Engineering