Discussing career decision making (CDM), career guidance, a computerized system of career guidance, and the interplay among them, this book describes the way people sort themselves, or are sorted, into educational and occupational options. The options represent the content of this book, and the sorting represents the process. The sequence of decisions may extend over a lifetime, but several crucial choice-points tend to occur at predictable stages in a career. Career guidance is a professional intervention in CDM; "professional" implies that practitioners conform to a standard of ethics, knowledge, and competence beyond what may be offered by other intervenors. Guidance is partly an art, but it is also partly a science -- at least an application of science, based on a synthesis of logic and evidence derived from research.
The computerized System of Interactive Guidance and Information (SIGI) is a designated guidance "treatment," clearly defined and specified. It was developed according to an explicit model, derived from a particular rationale for guidance, using modern technology to amplify the practice of career guidance. The current version -- called SIGI PLUS TM -- is being used at more than a thousand colleges and universities, as well as secondary schools, libraries, corporations, community-based organizations, and counseling agencies.
These three interdependent topics are treated in a progression: from a theory of CDM to a rationale and a model for guidance to the design and development of a system. This book weaves together theory (principles, propositions, rationales, and models), research and development. The product of that development, SIGI, helps to define theory, to exemplify it, and to test it.
"…serves as an informative manual on the desired mastery of CDM in user-SIGI and SIGI PLUS interactions."
"Any serious corporate or educational user of SIGI-PLUS will find it to be an indispensible resource. The book is well prepared and scholarly, but still readable….For this book and for his lifetime of work in computerized career guidance systems, Katz is to be commended."
Contents: Introduction. Part I: Career Decision Making. Components of Career Decision Making. Decisions About Work. Decisions About Occupations and Jobs. Decisions About Career Education and Training. Part II: The Needs for Guidance. General Recognition of Students' Needs for Guidance. Specification of Individuals' Needs for Career Guidance. Interaction Between Societal and Individual Needs. Specification of Colleges' Needs. Specification of Corporate Needs. Specification of Developers' Needs. Recapitulation of Needs and Purposes. Part III: Rationales and Models of Career Guidance. The Model for a Guidance System. Major Approaches to Guidance. Part IV: Focus on Functions of a Guidance System. The Domains of Self-Understanding. The Dimensions of Values. The Structure of Interests. Prediction in SIGI. Skills in SIGI PLUS. Occupational Information. A Strategy for Deciding. Decisions into Actions. Style and Design. Part V: The Evaluation of a Guidance System. Big Questions and Little Questions. Aspects of Validity. Efficacy: The Criterion Problem. The Evaluation of SIGI. Comparisons of Males and Females in CDM. The Evaluation of SIGI PLUS. Independent Evaluations. Part VI: Conclusion. Prospects. A Final Note.