1st Edition

Computer Methods in Chemical Engineering





ISBN 9781439849996
Published August 25, 2011 by CRC Press
524 Pages 473 B/W Illustrations

USD $94.95

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Book Description

While various software packages have become quite useful for performing unit operations and other kinds of processes in chemical engineering, the fundamental theory and methods of calculation must also be understood in order to effectively test the validity of these packages and verify the results. Computer Methods in Chemical Engineering presents the most commonly used simulation software, along with the theory involved. It covers chemical engineering thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, material and energy balances, mass transfer operations, reactor design, and computer applications in chemical engineering.

Through this book, students learn:

  • What chemical engineers do
  • The functions and theoretical background of basic chemical engineering unit operations
  • How to simulate chemical processes using software packages
  • How to size chemical process units manually and with software
  • How to fit experimental data
  • How to solve linear and nonlinear algebraic equations as well as ordinary differential equations

Along with exercises and references, each chapter contains a theoretical description of process units followed by numerous examples that are solved step by step via hand calculations and computer simulation using Hysys/Unisim, PRO/II, Aspen Plus, and SuperPro Designer. Adhering to the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) criteria, the book gives students the tools needed to solve real problems involving thermodynamics and fluid-phase equilibria, fluid flow, material and energy balances, heat exchangers, reactor design, distillation, absorption, and liquid–liquid extraction.

Table of Contents

Thermodynamics and Fluid-Phase Equilibria
Introduction
Boiling Point Calculations
Dew Point Calculation
Vapor Pressure Correlations
Relative Volatility
Equations of State
Physical Properties

Fluid Flow in Pipes, Pumps, and Compressors
Flow in Pipes
Fluid Flow in Pumps
Fluid Flow in Compressors

Material and Energy Balance
Introduction
Material Balance without Reaction
Material Balance on Reactive Processes
Energy Balance without Reaction
Energy Balance on Reactive Processes

Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers
Introduction
Design of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger
Boilers and Condensers

Reactor Design
Introduction
Plug Flow Reactor
Packed-Bed Reactors
Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor

Distillation Column
Introduction
Separation of Binary Components
Multicomponent Distillation
Column Diameter

Gas Absorption
Introduction
Packed-Bed Absorber
Number of Theoretical Stages
Number of Theoretical Stages Using Graphical Technique
Packed-Bed Column Diameter
Packed-Tower Height
Number of Theoretical Trays
Sizing a Plate Tower Absorber

Liquid–Liquid Extraction
Introduction
Material Balance

Process Simulation
Introduction

Appendix A: POLYMATH Software
Appendix B: E-Z Solve Software
Appendix C: MATLAB/Simulink
Appendix D: Nonlinear Regression of Experimental Data
Appendix E: Microsoft Visio
Appendix F: General Process Modeling and Simulation (gPROMS)

Index

Problems and References appear at the end of each chapter.

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Author(s)

Biography

Nayef Ghasem is an associate professor of chemical engineering at the United Arab Emirates University. A member of the Institute of Chemical Engineers and the American Chemical Society, Dr. Ghasem has published primarily in the areas of modeling and simulation, bifurcation theory, polymer reaction engineering, and advanced control of polyethylene and polystyrene polymerization processes.

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