1st Edition

Computer Organization Basic Processor Structure

By James Gil de Lamadrid Copyright 2018
    394 Pages 138 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    394 Pages 138 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    394 Pages 138 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    Computer Organization: Basic Processor Structure is a class-tested textbook, based on the author’s decades of teaching the topic to undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The main questions the book tries to answer are: how is a processor structured, and how does the processor function, in a general-purpose computer?

    The book begins with a discussion of the interaction between hardware and software, and takes the reader through the process of getting a program to run. It starts with creating the software, compiling and assembling the software, loading it into memory, and running it. It then briefly explains how executing instructions results in operations in digit circuitry. The book next presents the mathematical basics required in the rest of the book, particularly, Boolean algebra, and the binary number system.

    The basics of digital circuitry are discussed next, including the basics of combinatorial circuits and sequential circuits. The bus communication architecture, used in many computer systems, is also explored, along with a brief discussion on interfacing with peripheral devices. The first part of the book finishes with an overview of the RTL level of circuitry, along with a detailed discussion of machine language.

    The second half of the book covers how to design a processor, and a relatively simple register-implicit machine is designed. ALSU design and computer arithmetic are discussed next, and the final two chapters discuss micro-controlled processors and a few advanced topics.

    1. Overview
    1.1 High Level, Assembly, and Machine Languages
    1.2 Compilers and Assembly Language
    1.3 The Assembler and Object Code
    1.4 The Linker and Executable Code
    1.5 The Loader
    1.6 Summary of the Translation Process
    1.7 The Processor
    1.8 Digital Circuitry
    1.9 Summary
    1.10 Exercises

    2. Number, and Logic Systems
    2.1 Numbers
    2.2 Boolean Algebra
    2.3 Summary
    2.4 Exercises

    3. Digital Circuitry
    3.1 Combinational Circuits
    3.2 Sequential Circuits
    3.3 Summary
    3.4 Exercises

    4. Devices And The Bus
    4.1 Memory
    4.2 Peripheral Devices
    4.3 The Cpu
    4.4 Bus Communication
    4.5 Summary
    4.6 Exercises

    5. The Register Transfer Language Level
    5.1 Micro-Instructions as Circuits
    5.2 Common Processor Micro-Instructions
    5.3 Algorithmic Machines
    5.4 Rtl and Verilog
    5.5 Summary
    5.6 Exercises

    6. Common Computer Architectures
    6.1 Instruction Set Architecture
    6.2 Instruction Format
    6.3 Addressing Modes
    6.4 Alternate Machine Architectures
    6.5 Isa Design Issues
    6.6 The Brim Machine
    6.7 Summary
    6.8 Exercises

    7. Hardwired Cpu Design
    7.1 Register Implicit Machine Design
    7.2 Control for Other Architectures
    7.3 Summary
    7.4 Exercises

    8. Computer Arithmetic
    8.1 Logic and Shift Operations
    8.2 Arithmetic Operations
    8.3 Summary
    8.4 Exercises

    9. Micro-Programmed Cpu Design
    9.1 Micro-Instruction Format
    9.2 Micro-Architectures
    9.3 Micro-Control for the Brim Machine
    9.4 Summary
    9.5 Exercises

    10. A Few Last Topics
    10.1 Decreasing Execution Time
    10.2 Increasing Memory Space
    10.3 Summary
    10.4 Exercises


    James Gil de Lamadrid has a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Minnesota. He has been a professor in Computer Science at Bowie State University since 2004.