With the global expansion of reproductive technologies, there are ever more ways to create a family, and more family types than ever before. This book explores the experiences of those persons - whether single, in a couple, or part of collective co-parenting arrangements; whether hetero- or homosexual; whether cis- or transgender - who are creating what has been termed ‘new family forms’ with reproductive ‘assistance’.
Drawing on qualitative research from around the world, the book is particularly anchored in two bodies of social science scholarship - sociological and anthropological inquiries into the cultural impact of reproductive technologies on the one hand, and parenting culture studies on the other. It seeks to create fertile conversations between these scholarships, highlighting the intersections in the ways we think about conceiving and caring for children in today’s ‘reproductive landscape’.
Focusing specifically on persons whose reproductive journeys do not conform to dominant scripts, the book traces the many ways in which intentions, expectations and technological developments contribute to changing and enduring conceptions of good parenthood in the twenty-first century. Taking a holistic perspective, the book presents deep insights into the experiences not only of (intending) parents, but also of donors, surrogates, medical professionals and activists. The collection will be of interest to an international readership of scholars of gender, reproduction, parenting and family life.
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Anthropology & Medicine.
Zeynep B. Gürtin and Charlotte Faircloth
1. Being a ‘good’ parent: single women reflecting upon ‘selfishness’ and ‘risk’ when pursuing motherhood through sperm donation
2. The role of normative ideologies of motherhood in intended mothers’ experiences of egg donation in Canada
3. Accounting for the money-made parenthood of transnational surrogacy
4. Surrogate non-motherhood: Israeli and US surrogates speak about kinship and parenthood
Elly Teman and Zsuzsa Berend
5. Ideals, negotiations and gender roles in gay and lesbian co-parenting arrangements
6. Conceptions of transgender parenthood in fertility care and family planning in Sweden: From reproductive rights to concrete practices
Jenny Gunnarsson Payne and Theo Erbenius
Marcia C. Inhorn