Nicholas of Cusa is known as one of the most original philosophers of the 15th century, but by training he was a canon lawyer who received his degree from the University of Padua in 1423. The essays in this book analyse his legal and political ideas against the background of medieval religious, legal and political thought and its development in the Renaissance. The first two pieces deal with the legal ideas and humanism that affected Cusanus and with some of the problems faced by 15th-century lawyers, including his friends. The central section of the book also discusses how he reacted to the religious, legal and political issues of his day; Cusanus as reformer of the Church is a theme that runs through many of the essays. The final studies look at some of Cusanus' contemporaries, with special emphasis on Gregor Heimburg, the sharpest critic of Cusanus.
Contents: Acknowledgement, Thomas M. Izbicki and Gerald Christianson; Preface, Morimichi Watanabe; Introduction, Francis Oakley; Law and Society: The lawyer in an age of political and religious confusion: some 15th-century conciliarists; Humanism, law and reform: reflections on 15th-century lawyers; Nicholas of Cusa: The origins of modern Cusanus research in Germany and the establishment of the Heidelberg Opera Omnia; Authority and consent in church government: Panormitanus, Aeneas Sylvius, Cusanus; The episcopal election of 1430 in Trier and Nicholas of Cusa; Nicholas of Cusa, the Council of Florence and the Acceptation of Mainz (1439); The German Church shortly before the Reformation: Nicolaus Cusanus and the Veneration of the Bleeding Hosts at Wilsnack; Nicholas of Cusa and the Tyrolese monasteries: reform and resistance; Nicolaus Cusanus, monastic reform in the Tyrol and the De Visione Dei; Nicholas of Cusa and reform of the Roman Curia; Nicholas of Cusa, A General Reform of the Church; Nicholas of Cusa and the idea of tolerance; Cusanus’ Contemporaries: Nicholas of Cusa - Richard Fleming - Thomas Livingston; Humanism in the Tyrol: Aeneas Sylvius, Duke Sigismund, Gregor Heimburg; Gregor Heimburg and early humanism in Germany; Duke Sigismund and Gregor Heimburg; Imperial reform in the mid-15th century: Gregor Heimburg and Martin Mair; Indexes.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
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