1st Edition

Concrete Solutions
Proceedings of Concrete Solutions, 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair, Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016

Edited By

Michael Grantham

ISBN 9781138030084
Published August 18, 2016 by CRC Press
648 Pages

USD $285.00

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Book Description

Concrete Solutions contains the contributions from some 30 countries to Concrete Solutions, the 6th International Conference on Concrete Repair (Thessaloniki, Greece, 20-23 June 2016). Strengthening and retrofitting are major themes in this volume, with NDT and electrochemical repair following closely, discussing the latest advances and technologies in concrete repair. The book brings together some interesting and challenging theoretical approaches and questions if we really understand and approach such topics as corrosion monitoring correctly. Concrete Solutions is an essential reference work for those working in the concrete repair field, from engineers to architects and from students to clients. The Concrete Solutions Series of international conferences on concrete repair began in 2003 with a conference held in St. Malo, France in association with INSA Rennes. Subsequent conferences have seen the Series partnering with the  University of Padua (Italy) in 2009, with TU Dresden (Germany) in 2011 and with Queen’s University Belfast (Northern Ireland) in 2014. In 2016 Thessaloniki (Greece) hosted the conference, partnering with both Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH) and Democritus University of Thrace (DUTH). The next conference in the series will be held in 2019 in Istanbul.

Table of Contents

Case studies

Protection of a pier structure using an alternative combined electrochemical approach
R. Brueckner, C. Atkins, R. Merola & P. Lambert

Analysis of adaptation of reinforced concrete structures from early 20th century to the needs of modern requirements – a case study
G. Dmochowski & P. Berkowski

Application of a surface-applied cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge – Part I: Condition assessment, intervention options and trial investigations
J.J.W. Gulikers, R.G. Giorgini &A.J. van den Hondel

What are the benefits of corrosion monitoring in concrete structures from an owner’s perspective?
J.J.W. Gulikers

Modern techniques and concrete technology used to conserve a unique heritage breakwater
S. Hold

WWII German concrete defence walls in Jersey, Channel Islands
S. Hold

Micropiling a bridge in construction in the motorway M-410 in Madrid (Spain)
C. Jurado Cabañes

Road bridge decks sealing, joints and pavement practice, the Greek motorway experience
A. Kokkalis & P. Panetsos

Corrosion propagation phase in reinforced concrete facades
A. Köliö & J. Lahdensivu

ASR possibilities in Finnish concrete bridges
J. Lahdensivu, A. Köliö & D. Husaini

Survey of the largest prefabricated concrete structure of Spain
A. Lozano, M. Alonso, F. Álvarez, J.J. Del Coz

Management strategy for localized concrete maintenance on the Rion-Antirion Bridge
I.C. Papantoniou, P. Corbett, A. Stathopoulos-Vlamis & P. Papanikolas

Focused, non-destructive repair of tunnel walls with electrochemical chloride extraction
U. Schneck

NDT and diagnostic study of corrosion damaged RC structures to enhance their service life – case studies
S. Sharma, A. Pahuja, B.S. Rao, N.S. Adarsh Kumar &A. Sharma

Design of repair works in underground structures located in fine-grained soil
A. Shilin &A. Schukina

Various stages of protection of concrete roads
S.N. Tolmachov, O.A. Belichenko & H.V. Brazhnyk

Analysis of the failure of a track slab concrete
Z. Yi, H. Li, H. Jin &Y. Xie

Electrochemical repair

Electrochemical re-alkalisation, chloride extraction and alkali-silica reaction in concrete
P.F.G. Banfill

Acid damage to anode mortar when using cathodic protection
P.M. Chess

The flow of ions through concrete structures
P.M. Chess

Impressed Current Cathodic Protection (ICCP) on reinforced concrete drilled piles buried in soil, Fürth, Germany
H. Esteves & S. Mayer

Assessment of the throwing power generated by a surface applied galvanic cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge deck soffit
R.G. Giorgini, H. van den Hondel & J.J.W. Gulikers

The durability of reference electrodes in reinforced concrete applications
P.M. Chess, O. Klinghoffer & B. Kofoed

An investigation into impressed current cathodic protection systems in Australian wharfs
P. Nicholls & D.W. Law

Prevention of incipient anodes induced by patch repair by a novel type of discrete galvanic zinc anodes
W. Schwarz, M. Bakalli & M. Donadio

Application of a surface-applied cathodic protection system on a light weight concrete bridge – Part II: Developments in time of the effectiveness by potential decay values and current densities
A.J. van den Hondel, R.G. Giorgini & J.J.W. Gulikers

NDT and diagnosis of problems

3D localization of the reinforcement in reinforced concrete slab by using GPR
K. Agred, G. Klysz & J.P. Balayssac

Determination of the electrical resistivity of concrete structures using electrical impedance tomography
A. Asgharzadeh, K. Reichling & M. Raupach

NDT for damage diagnosis in shear-critical concrete beams using external PZTs and a new wireless monitoring system (WiAMS)
M.E. Voutetaki, N.A. Papadopoulos, C.E. Chalioris & C.P. Providakis

Effect of stirrups on reinforcement corrosion measurements in concrete
C.-T. Chen, C.-J. Li &T.-P. Chang

Reinforced concrete NDT research and practice in Turkey: A gap analysis
O. Gunes, C. Sengul, C. Colak & M. Asan

In-situ methods of detecting steel corrosion using permanent and non-electronic systems
T. Juraschek & O.Weichold

Influence of the reinforcement on concrete resistivity with a new measurement technique
A.Q. Nguyen, G. Klysz, F. Deby & J.P. Balayssac

Injection quality of steel cable ducts evaluated by NDT
C.G. Petersen

Non-destructive testing of joints in precast element structures
C.G. Petersen & H.D.O. Recillas

Development of electrically conductive resins for the on-site fabrication of sensors for corrosion detection and risk assessment in reinforced concrete
P.B. Sassmann & O.Weichold

Frequency dependency of concrete resistance measurements
A.-M. Thoresen, K. Hornbostel & M.R. Geiker

Patch repair

An experimental investigation into the effects of water and binder-related parameters on restrained shrinkage cracking in concrete patch repair mortars
P.A. Arito, H. Beushausen & M.G. Alexander

Strength recovery of concrete repaired using normal and rapid hardening repair mortars
A. Badr & S. Ioannou

Development of new types of repair materials by imparting thixotropic properties
H. Fujiwara, M. Maruoka, T. Kawato, T. Sugawara, K. Yoshikawa, T. Abe, S. Takemoto & H. Kasahara

Microwave system for in-situ curing of concrete repair
P.S. Mangat, K. Grigoriadis, S. Abubakri, A. Javaid & C. Zhao

Temperature development in microwave cured repair materials
P.S. Mangat, K. Grigoriadis & S. Abubakri

Sustainable and effective self-leveling mortars
I. Papayianni, E. Anastasiou, P. Avramidis & P. Chatziagorastou

The effect of binding system of mortars on chloride ion penetration
I. Papayianni, M. Papachristoforou & F. Kesikidou

Bonding properties of magnesium phosphate cement-based repair materials
C. Shi, N. Yang, L. Chong, Z.Wu & J. Yang

Effectiveness of different repair materials and methods used for the repair of chloride corroded reinforced concrete structures
K.K. Sideris, E. Manikas &A. Michalakopoulos

Analytical investigation of bond between ECC matrix and steel reinforcement
S.P. Tastani

Flexural response of corroded reinforced concrete beams: Experiments and finite element analyses
G.G. Triantafyllou, T.C. Rousakis &A.I. Karabinis

Performance of rapid repair mortars with sulfate aluminium cement and Portland cement
J. Yuan,W. Yang, X. Cai & Q. Li

Early-age cracking resistance of repair cement mortar with copolymer powder and fibers
W. Yang, X. Cai, Y. Ge, J. Yuan & D. Zhou

Repair and preservation of heritage structures, Roman cement

Historical and structural aspects of the durability and maintenance of a reinforced concrete market hall building from the early 20th century
P. Berkowski & M. Kosior-Kazberuk

Restoration of historical heritage in Russia: The age of architectural concrete
V.R. Falikman &V.V. Deniskin

The survey of a historical building from the beginning of the previous century. Evaluation of mechanical characteristics of the load bearing system
I. Papayianni, V. Pachta &A. Milosi

Repair of fire damage

Study on the effect of firing heating on FRC with various types and content
D. Choumanidis, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos, E. Badogiannis & E. Papadimitriou

Investigation, assessment and repair of a fire-damaged reinforced concrete structure
A. Elenas & K.K. Sideris

Innovative materials for passive fire protection of concrete
K.M. Sakkas, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos & D. Panias

Risk management

Application of carbon nanotubes in structural health monitoring of steel-reinforced concrete
P.H.P. Lagason, O.V.M. Antonio & S.A.P. Peñeda

Service life modelling

Chloride threshold values for corrosion in concrete – a myth?
U.M. Angst & B. Elsener

Durability design of reinforced concrete structures – service life estimation
S. Demis &V.G. Papadakis

Service life estimation of cracked and healed concrete in marine environment
M. Maes & N. De Belie

Propagation of pitting corrosion of steel in concrete: Conceptual models for local cross section loss
R.B. Polder, U.M. Angst, J. Pacheco &W.H.A. Peelen

Influence of crack width on the initial corrosion of surfaces exposed to high chloride
M. Schneider, E. Baumgartner, P. Druml & F. Pruckner

The “Predicted Performance Curve” (PPC): A new structural performance deterioration model for concrete infrastructure
N. Semaan &T. Zayed

Service life design of concrete structures using probabilistic modelling tools: Statistical analysis of input parameters
I.P. Sfikas & J.P. Ingham

Strengthening materials and techniques/Repair with composites

Assessment of strengthening techniques of reinforced concrete elements rehabilitated with composites
D.V. Achillopoulou, A.N. Kiziridou, G.A. Papachatzakis &A.I. Karabinis

Experimental analysis for the development of an Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC)
A.L. Mina, M.F. Petrou & K.G. Trezos

Bond performance of the deep embedment shear strengthening method
M. Caro, Y. Jemaa, S. Dirar &A. Quinn

Shear strengthening of reinforced concrete T-beams with EB-FRP sheets
C.E. Chalioris & C.A. Argiriou

Flexural and cracking behaviour of concrete beams reinforced with FRP bars
C.E. Chalioris, P.K. Kosmidou, T.A. Panagiotopoulos & C.G. Karayannis

Fatigue design of RC beams strengthened in flexure with FRP laminates
B. Charalambidi, T.C. Rousakis &A.I. Karabinis

Evaluation of the mechanical behavior of FRC with different types of fibre, through Barcelona and bending testing
D. Choumanidis, P. Nomikos, A. Sofianos, E. Badogiannis & E. Papadimitriou

Improving the ductility of FRP strengthened unidirectional RC slabs via hybrid CFRP/BFRP reinforcing
T. Donchev, D. Petkova &A. Pavlovic

Stress field analysis of reinforced concrete slab with central cutout strengthened using FRP laminates
L. Vasiliadis, I. Kavvadias, I. Litina & K. Bantilas

Pullout behavior of single steel fiber with different strengths of concrete
M.I. Khan &W. Abbass

FRP confinement of high-aspect ratio concrete columns
C.S. Kolyvas, T.C. Triantafillou &A.I. Bernakos

Durability restoration of cementitious composites via micro encapsulated mineral repair agents
C. Litina, A. Kanellopoulos &A. Al-Tabbaa

Cyclic response of large lightly reinforced concrete walls made of plain and fibre concrete
C.G.R. Mircea, A. Faur, A. Harcsa, M. Mulea & C. Baera

Differences in losses of prestress between steel and FRP reinforcement
M. Mirshekari, T. Donchev, D. Petkova & M. Limbachiya

Use of 3D microscopy in the analysis of FRP strengthened concrete
D. Petkova, T. Donchev & D.Wertheim

CFRP-steel hybrid retrofitting of steel-concrete composite structures
M. Subhani, R. Al-Ameri & M.I. Kabir

Bacteria-based self-healing mortar: A comparison of two studies
E. Tziviloglou, V.Wiktor, H.M. Jonkers & E. Schlangen

Some considerations on precipitation rate of calcium carbonate in bio-based materials used for concrete repair
K. Kawaai, I. Ujike, S. Yamamoto & P.Y. Putri

Study on tensile bearing behavior of nodes in CFRP grid
B.Wang, K. Uji, V.D. Tran, A. Ueno & K. Ohno

Resistance to fatigue of self-healed concrete based on encapsulated polymer precursors
J. Feiteira, V. Couvreur, E. Gruyaert & N. De Belie

Surface protection methods and materials

Concrete protection with hydrophobic impregnation – importance of correct specifications
M. Donadio & N. Anagnostopoulos

Development of chloride induced reinforcement corrosion in cracked concrete after application of a surface protection system
F. Hiemer, S. Keßler & C. Gehlen

An investigation of the surface properties of air-cured microconcretes developed with controlled permeability formwork liners using destructive and non-destructive methods
A.S. Marinos, M.S. Katsiotis, G. Batis, M. Beazi-Katsioti, J.L. Gallias &V. Kaloidas

Durable surface repair of waterway engineering structures with sprayed textile reinforced concrete
C. Morales Cruz & M. Raupach

Sustainable repair

An engineering example of energy saving renovation of external wall of original building with lightweight insulation composite panel
Y. Shi, Y. Zhang, J. Shi, S. Yang &W. Liu

Production of durable concretes using EAF slag aggregates
K.K. Sideris, A. Chatzopoulos & Ch. Tassos

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Professor Mike Grantham has many years of experience in NDT and repair of concrete structures. He is currently the President of the Institute of Concrete Technology and a Visiting Professor at Leeds University (and at Queen’s University previously). He is the author or co-author of several books on NDT and repair of concrete, including the well-known "Testing of Concrete in Structures, with Bungey and Millard. He is organiser and Chair of the Concrete Solutions series of International Conferences on Concrete Repair. He is also Editor-in-Chief of Elsevier’s "Case Studies in Construction Materials.

Professor Ioanna Papayianni, chemist and civil engineer, is an expert at an international level in the rehabilitation of cultural heritage, carrying out scientific research on building techniques and materials of monuments from all periods at the University of Thessaloniki. At the URBACT LINKS Network Workshop in Veria she presented research findings related to the rehabilitation of the city’s historical center and the workprogram she has started as a contribution to the Network.

Kosmas Sideris, Associate Professor, was born in Athens (1969). He received his diploma in Civil Engineering (1992) and his Ph.D. degree (1996) from the Civil Engineering Department of Democritus University of Thrace. He served as Lecturer (1998-2003) and Assistant Professor (2003-today) in the Laboratory of Building Materials at the Department of Civil Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace. He is the author of two books in Cement Hydration and Concrete Durability and the author or co-author of 90 articles published in Greek and International Journals and Conferences. Dr. Sideris is a member of several International and National Scientific Committees and Societies (ACI, RILEM, ACI Hellas Chapter, Technical Chamber of Greece, Industrial By-Product Research and Development Association) and active member of RILEM TC DSC – Durability of Self Compacting Concrete, RILEM TC HPB - Physical properties and behaviour of High-Performance Concrete at high temperature and RILEM TC MPS- Mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete committees. His main research interests are focused in the durability of reinforced concrete structures and the technology of advanced concretes (self compacting concrete, high performance concrete, fibre reinforced concrete and concrete produced with pozzolanic additives and industrial by products). His secondary research interests are in the area of hydration kinetics of plain and blended cements and the use of special chemical admixtures in concrete.