Conducting Research: Social and Behavioral Science Methods, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Conducting Research

Social and Behavioral Science Methods, 2nd Edition

By Lawrence T Orcher

© 2014 – Routledge

298 pages

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Paperback: 9781936523191
pub: 2014-01-01
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315266626
pub: 2016-10-14
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About the Book

• Prepares students to conduct their first empirical research study, with quantitative and qualitative methods covered in detail. Common features as well as differences between the two research approaches are explored.

• While theoretical material is included, the emphasis is on providing practical, easy-to-follow advice on how to conduct a first research project.

• Unlike most texts with hypothetical examples, this text—with real examples written by a variety of published researchers—makes research methods come alive. Students see how research methods are used to explore important, contemporary problems.

• Factual Questions at the end of each chapter help students review key concepts covered in the chapters.

• Questions for Discussion encourage students to consider specific techniques and strategies that they might use while conducting their research.

Table of Contents



Part A Getting Started

1. Selecting Tentative Topics for Empirical Research

2. Locating Literature and Refining a Research Topic

3. Preparing a Literature Review

4. Citing References in APA and ASA Styles

5. Writing Research Hypotheses, Purposes, and Questions

6. Selecting a Research Approach

7. Looking Ahead to Participant Selection

8. Looking Ahead to Measurement

9. Looking Ahead to Data Analysis for Quantitative Research

10. Looking Ahead to Data Analysis for Qualitative Research

11. Preparing a Preliminary Research Proposal


Part B Issues in Participant Selection

12. Participant Selection in Quantitative Research

13. Participant Selection in Qualitative Research

Part C Issues in Measurement

14. Measurement in Quantitative Research

15. Writing Objective Measures

16. Measurement in Qualitative Research

Part D Techniques for Data Analysis

17. Descriptive Statistics for Quantitative and Qualitative Research

18. Correlational Statistics for Quantitative Research

19. Inferential Statistics for Quantitative Research

20. A Closer Look at Data Analysis in Qualitative Research

Part E Issues in Conducting Surveys

21. Issues in Participant Selection for Surveys

22. Issues in Measuring Demographics in Surveys

23. Issues in the Use of Questionnaires in Surveys

Part F Issues in Conducting Experiments

24. Introduction to Experimentation and Threats to External Validity

25. Threats to Internal Validity and True Experiments

26. Pre-Experiments and Quasi-Experiments

Part G Putting It All Together

27. Writing Reports of Empirical Research


A. A Closer Look at Interpreting Correlation Coefficients

B. Focus Group Methodology in Qualitative Research

C. An Overview of Program Evaluation

D. Ethical Issues in Conducting Research

Sample Literature Reviews

1. Associations Between Marital Happiness, Problems, and Health

2. Effects of Random Student Drug Testing in High School

3. College Students’ Perceptions of Their Grandparents and Communication Technology Use

4. A Review of Interventions for Substance Use Among Homeless Youth


1. Table of Random Numbers

2. Table of Recommended Sample Sizes for Populations With Finite Sizes

Subject Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Research & Methodology


Instructor Resources

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