2nd Edition

Conducting Research Social and Behavioral Science Methods

By Lawrence Orcher Copyright 2014
    312 Pages
    by Routledge

    312 Pages
    by Routledge

    • Prepares students to conduct their first empirical research study, with quantitative and qualitative methods covered in detail. Common features as well as differences between the two research approaches are explored.

    • While theoretical material is included, the emphasis is on providing practical, easy-to-follow advice on how to conduct a first research project.

    • Unlike most texts with hypothetical examples, this text—with real examples written by a variety of published researchers—makes research methods come alive. Students see how research methods are used to explore important, contemporary problems.

    • Factual Questions at the end of each chapter help students review key concepts covered in the chapters.

    • Questions for Discussion encourage students to consider specific techniques and strategies that they might use while conducting their research.



    Part A Getting Started

    1. Selecting Tentative Topics for Empirical Research

    2. Locating Literature and Refining a Research Topic

    3. Preparing a Literature Review

    4. Citing References in APA and ASA Styles

    5. Writing Research Hypotheses, Purposes, and Questions

    6. Selecting a Research Approach

    7. Looking Ahead to Participant Selection

    8. Looking Ahead to Measurement

    9. Looking Ahead to Data Analysis for Quantitative Research

    10. Looking Ahead to Data Analysis for Qualitative Research

    11. Preparing a Preliminary Research Proposal


    Part B Issues in Participant Selection

    12. Participant Selection in Quantitative Research

    13. Participant Selection in Qualitative Research

    Part C Issues in Measurement

    14. Measurement in Quantitative Research

    15. Writing Objective Measures

    16. Measurement in Qualitative Research

    Part D Techniques for Data Analysis

    17. Descriptive Statistics for Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    18. Correlational Statistics for Quantitative Research

    19. Inferential Statistics for Quantitative Research

    20. A Closer Look at Data Analysis in Qualitative Research

    Part E Issues in Conducting Surveys

    21. Issues in Participant Selection for Surveys

    22. Issues in Measuring Demographics in Surveys

    23. Issues in the Use of Questionnaires in Surveys

    Part F Issues in Conducting Experiments

    24. Introduction to Experimentation and Threats to External Validity

    25. Threats to Internal Validity and True Experiments

    26. Pre-Experiments and Quasi-Experiments

    Part G Putting It All Together

    27. Writing Reports of Empirical Research


    A. A Closer Look at Interpreting Correlation Coefficients

    B. Focus Group Methodology in Qualitative Research

    C. An Overview of Program Evaluation

    D. Ethical Issues in Conducting Research

    Sample Literature Reviews

    1. Associations Between Marital Happiness, Problems, and Health

    2. Effects of Random Student Drug Testing in High School

    3. College Students’ Perceptions of Their Grandparents and Communication Technology Use

    4. A Review of Interventions for Substance Use Among Homeless Youth


    1. Table of Random Numbers

    2. Table of Recommended Sample Sizes for Populations With Finite Sizes

    Subject Index


    Lawrence Orcher