Conformations: Connecting the Chemical Structures and Material Behaviors of Polymers, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Conformations

Connecting the Chemical Structures and Material Behaviors of Polymers, 1st Edition

By Alan E. Tonelli, Jialong Shen

CRC Press

192 pages | 42 Color Illus. | 50 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138570320
pub: 2020-03-18
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Description

Among the materials found in nature’s many diverse living organisms or produced by human industry, those made from polymers are dominant. In nature they are not only dominant, but they are, as well, uniquely necessary to life. Conformations: Connecting the Chemical Structures and Material Behaviors of Polymers explores how the detailed chemical structures of polymers can be characterized, how their microstructural dependent conformational preferences can be evaluated, and how these conformational preferences can be connected to the behaviors and properties of their materials.

The authors examine the connections between the microstructures of polymers and the rich variety of physical properties they evidence. Detailed polymer architectures, including the molecular bonding and geometries of backbone and side-chain groups, monomer stereo- and regio-sequences, comonomer sequences, and branching, are explicitly considered in the analysis of the conformational characteristics of polymers.

This valuable reference provides practicing materials engineers as well as polymer and materials science students a means of understanding the differences in behaviors and properties of materials made from chemically distinct polymers. This knowledge can assist the reader design polymers with chemical structures that lead to their desired material behaviors and properties.

Table of Contents

Polymer Physics. Polymer Chemistry. Determining the microstructural dependent conformational preferences of polymer chains. Experimental determination of polymer microstructures with 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Connecting the behaviors/properties of polymer solutions and liquids to the conformational preferences established by their microstructures. Connecting the behaviors/properties of polymer solids to the conformational preferences established by their microstructures. Comparison of the behaviors of man-made synthetic polymers and their materials to those polymers and materials produced in nature.

About the Authors

Alan Tonelli born in Chicago in 1942, received a B.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Kansas in 1964 and a PH.D. in Polymer Chemistry from Stanford in 1968, where he was supervised and mentored by the late Professor Paul J. Flory. Alan was a member of the Polymer Chemistry Research Dept. at AT&T-BELL Laboratories, Murray Hill, N. J. for 23 years. In 1991 he joined the Textile Engineering,Chemistry, & Science Dept. and the Fiber and Polymer Science Program in the College of Textiles at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, where he is currently the INVISTA Prof. of Fiber & Polymer Chemistry. His research interests include the conformations, configurations, and structures of synthetic and biological polymers, their determination by NMR, and establishing their effects on the physical properties of polymers. The formation, study, and use of cyclodextrin inclusion complexes and rotaxanes formed with polymers and small molecule guests to nanostructure and safely deliver biologically-active molecules to polymer materials has been a more recent research focus. Recently his research team has been combining NMR and electrical birefringence (Kerr-Effect) observations to begin to determine the longer range microstructural elements of synthetic polymers.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers