Confronting the German Idealist Tradition Jakob Friedrich Fries, the Friesian School and the Neo-Friesian School
The philosophical activity of modern Germany represents a peak in the history of philosophy beginning from Thales in ancient Greece. This book attempts to reconsider the conventional image of 19th-century German philosophy. To this end, it illuminates a forgotten philosophical stream contemporaneous with so-called "German idealism."
From this perspective, this book examines the philosophy of Jakob Friedrich Fries, a philosopher contemporaneous and in confrontation with Hegel. By examining Friesâ€™ standpoint, the book attempts to reconstruct the picture of 19th-century German philosophy. In the 19th and 20th centuries, philosophers other than Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel â€“ especially Fries â€“ had a significant influence on the history of philosophy, constituting an alternative genealogy to Hegelâ€™s. One might say that the conventional history of philosophy conceals Friesâ€™ influence. Accordingly, this book will examine Friesâ€™ philosophy, the Friesian school established by E.F. Apelt, and the Neo-Friesian school formed by Leonard Nelson.
This approach reveals the factiousness of the history of philosophy that starts from Kant, passes through German idealism and flows into the Neo-Kantian movement. It will provide a new viewpoint from which to reconsider the history of German philosophy.
1.1 Why should 19th-century German philosophy be addressed today?
1.2 Why should we begin with the reconstruction of Friesâ€™ philosophy?
2 Jakob Friedrich Friesâ€™ philosophy
2.1 Friesâ€™ conception of a critique of reason
2.2 On the construction of a metaphysical system: From the viewpoint of the method of philosophy
3 The Friesian and Neo-Friesian schools
3.1 The Friesian school
3.2 The Neo-Friesian school