Conserving Cultural Heritage : Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage (TechnoHeritage 2017), May 21-24, 2017, Cadiz, Spain book cover
1st Edition

Conserving Cultural Heritage
Proceedings of the 3rd International Congress on Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage (TechnoHeritage 2017), May 21-24, 2017, Cadiz, Spain

ISBN 9781138067448
Published September 16, 2018 by CRC Press
354 Pages

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Book Description

The third International congress of Science and Technology for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage, TechnoHeritage 2017, was held in Cadiz, from 21 to 24 May 2017, under the umbrella of the TechnoHeritage network. TechnoHeritage is an initiative funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitivity dedicated to the creation of a network which integrates CSIC and University groups, private companies and end users such as foundations, museums or institutions. The network’s purpose is to foster the creation of transdisciplinary (and not only multidisciplinary) initiatives focused on the study of all assets, movable or immovable, that make up Cultural Heritage.

A high-quality scientific programme was prepared, which includes new emerging topics on Cultural Heritage (1) Nanomaterials and other Products for Conservation, (2) New Technologies for Analysis, Protection and Conservation, (3) 20th Century Cultural Heritage, (4) Significance of Cultural Heritage. Policies for Conservation, (5) Deterioration of Cultural Heritage, (6) Biodeterioration: Fundamentals, Present and Future Perspectives and (7) Underwater Cultural Heritage. A special session "Biodeterioration: Fundamentals, present and future perspectives, a session in honour of Prof. Cesáreo Sáiz Jiménez" took place. Our intention was to recognise the work of Prof. Sáiz Jiménez, who recently retired, and its impact on the Cultural Heritage conservation community, which he has helped to promote through numerous activities including, in 2011, the creation of the TechnoHeritage network.

This volume publishes a total of eighty-three contributions which reflect the state of the art investigations on different aspects of cultural heritage conservation.

Table of Contents

Conference opening paper

Materials and methods for the conservation of cultural heritage
D. Chelazzi, R. Giorgi & P. Baglioni


Nanomaterials and other products for conservation

Protecting clay mortars through water-proof techniques
A. Karozou, M. Stefanidou & K. Matziaris

The efficacy of stone consolidants based on alkoxysilanes: Influence of solvent type
B. Sena da Fonseca, A.P. Ferreira Pinto, S. Piçarra & M.F. Montemor

Evaluating the performance of calcium tartrate as a consolidant for soft limestone
C. Cardona & D. Vella

A study on the effect of 1064 nm Nd-YAG laser cleaning of gilded wood support
A. Gómez-Morón, A. Lara-Luque, M. González-González & P. Ortiz

Removal of varnish residues and overpaints from a fifteenth century Spanish tempera and gilded panel painting with a Pemulen™ TR2 gel
J. de Groot, D. de Man & K. Seymour

Controlling the effectiveness of the cleaning treatments of bronze using X-ray diffraction: The equestrian sculpture of “El Cid Campeador” (Seville)
J.J. Martín-Del Río, F.J. Alejandre-Sánchez, F.J. Blasco-López, J.A. Padilla Carmona & P. Soler-Núñez

Evaluation of ammonium phosphates as consolidating agent for carbonatic stone used in Sicily
M. Martino, G. Milazzo, P. Livreri, M.J. Mosquera & R. Giarrusso

Canvas consolidation survey and treatment requirements for the NANORESTART project
M. Oriola, A. Nualart-Torroja, C. Ruiz-Recasens & G. Campo-Francés

Hemp concrete for the sustainable retrofit of the vernacular architectural heritage in the region of Senhaja Srair (Morocco)
M.P. Sáez-Pérez, J.A. Durán-Suárez & M. Brummer

Evaluation of cleaning procedures for the conservation of tarnished lead
T. Palomar, B. Ramírez, J.M. Vélix & E. Cano

Effectiveness of innovative nanomaterials with consolidant, hydrophobic and photocatalytic properties on “Pietra di Noto”
G.M.C. Gemelli, F. Elhaddad, M.J. Mosquera & F. Fernandez

Au-TiO2/SiO2 photocatalytic coatings for application on building materials
M. Luna, M.J. Mosquera, J.M. Gatica & H. Vidal

Chromatic reintegration in marbles of historical heritage. Evaluation of its effectiveness and durability outdoors
M.P. Sáez-Pérez, J.A. Durán-Suárez & J. Rodríguez-Gordillo


New technologies for analysis, protection and conservation

Virtual exhibitions and educational methodology research: An Americanist case study
R. López Guzmán &A. Contreras-Guerrero

Rising damp in heritage buildings hygro-regulated wall base ventilation system
A.S. Guimarães &V.P. de Freitas

Characterization of Roman mural paintings from the archaeological site of Cercadilla (Cordoba, Spain)
A. Gil Torrano, J.M. Martín Ramírez, R. Ortiz Calderón, P. Ortiz Calderón, M.C. Fuertes Santos &A. Gómez Morón

Analysis of materials during the restoration of Tota Pulchra
A. Kriznar, M.A. Respaldiza, A. Gómez Morón, L. Nuñez Casares, E. Fernández Ruíz & L. Martín

Georeferencing of historical iconography for the knowledge of the built heritage
S. Acacia & M. Casanova

Technological characterization of polychromies on a Balearic medieval stone altarpiece of the 15th century
L. Bosch Rubio, A. Gómez Morón & P. Ortiz Calderón

In situ evaluation of outdoor sculpture with a gel polymer electrolyte cell
B. Ramírez Barat, A. Crespo & E. Cano

3D imaging and pore analysis of yellow tuff: Study of the architectural decay in Castel Nuovo
G. Mele, L. Gargiulo & B. Di Matteo

How analytical techniques are able to address archaeological questions: A case study of a painted ceramic
I. Donate, M. Medina, S. Celestino, E. Rodríguez, C. Pascual, P. Recio, J. Barrio &A.I. Pardo

The global positioning (GPS) and geographic information systems (GIS) applied to old maps georeferencing to obtain information for temporary studies
B. Jigena, D. Dominguez-Añino, C. Torrecillas, A. Fernández-Ros, A. de Gil & M. Berrocoso

Isotopic composition of lead used in the El Giraldillo casting
J.M. Gallardo, M.A. Hunt Ortiz & E. Díaz-Gutiérrez

A discussion on gamma radiation hazards related to granitic materials and its implication on historical buildings use
J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez & C. Alves

Non-destructive assessment of weathering in granite blocks of historical buildings: In situ gamma-ray spectrometry (GRS)
J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez, C. Arce Chamorro, M. Couto & C. Alves

A methodological proposal on GPR applications in historical-archaeological survey
L. Lagóstena Barrios & J.A. Ruiz Gil

Digital heritage in SW Spain: The UCA agenda
J.A. Ruiz Gil & L. Lagóstena Barrios

Non-invasive analytical investigation of Mudéjar polychrome on the carpentry of Alcázar of Seville
M.D. Robador, M.A. Garrote, R. Perez-Maqueda, L. de Viguerie & J. Castaing

Spectroscopic and optical techniques applied to the characterization of an anonymous painting of a Virgin with Child
M.J. Nuevo, A. Martín Sánchez & M.A. Ojeda

Comparative Raman spectroscopy of historical beads of different stages of degradation
I.A. Balakhnina, N.N. Brandt, A.Yu. Chikishev, A.A. Mankova, I.G. Shpachenko, E.A. Morozova, T.V. Yuryeva &V.A. Yuryev

Ways to make history and archaeology with non-invasive techniques. The application of GIS, RPA and GPR in the Roman city Hasta Regia
P. Trapero Fernández

Scientific and technical study of glasses of a possible Venetian mirror from the Virgen de la Encina Basílica at Ponferrada (León, Spain)
J. Pena-Poza, F. Agua, M. García-Heras & M.A. Villegas

Environmental pH monitoring with optical sensors at the Monastery of Santa María la Real de Nieva (Segovia, Spain)
J. Pena-Poza, S. San José, C. Gil & M.A. Villegas

Etruscan render mortars from Domus dei Dolia (Vetulónia, Italy)
S. Rafanelli, P. Moita, J. Mirão, A. Carvalho, P. Braga, R. Vicente, C. Galacho, C. Dias, A. Candeias, M. Beltrame & G. Coradeschi

3D laser scanning applied to diagnosis in vaults
A. Tirado, R. Ortiz & P. Ortiz

Near infrared applied to forecasting of pathologies in Alamillo Bridge (Seville, Spain)
C. Torrecillas, D. Seda, B. Jigena, I. Barbero & M. Berrocoso

Noninvasive investigation of common, painted and glazed Islamic pottery (10th–13th century) from the cities of Mértola and Évora (Portugal) using portable XRF spectrometry
M. Beltrame, S.G. Martínez, L.J. Gonçalves, J. Santos, F. Branco, A. Candeias & J. Mirão

Were late prehistoric stelae painted? Digital image analysis-based research of the late prehistoric stelae of Mirasiviene (Lora del Río, Sevilla) and Montoro(Montoro, Córdoba), South Spain
M.A. Rogerio-Candelera, L. García Sanjuán, M. Díaz-Guardamino Uribe & D.W. Wheatley


20th century cultural heritage

Sculptural ensemble: “Hombre y mujer” by May Cavestany: Materials and deterioration
A.M. Barberena-Fernández & M.T. Blanco-Varela

Application of traditional Japanese technology in large format 20th century paper
G.M. Contreras Zamorano

Relationships in the presence of iron, copper, and zinc in iron gall inks of the Valencian manuscripts from the 13th to the 17th centuries
G.M. Contreras Zamorano

Determination of the presence of wine in the medieval Valencian inks of the Municipal Archive of Cocentaina by HPLC-Ms/Ms
G. Fernández-Martinez

Producing hydrophobic concretes
J.G. Coneo, F. Elhaddad & M.J. Mosquera

Nanotechnologies for contemporary art conservation: Some applications on plastics
M. Gómez, D. Reggio, M. Lazzari, I. Rodríguez-Arias & M.A. López-Quintela

Contemporary paints: Materials identification and fabrication techniques
D. Reggio, C. Garcia, M. Gómez, M. Lazzari &T. López-Morán

The Spanish civil optical telegraphy network. An opportunity for study and conservation
A. Alonso Durá, S. Tormo Esteve & P. Bértolo Valero

A non-destructive approach to the study of 20th century gelatine negatives
M. Nunes, C. Miguel, A.T. Caldeira &T. Ferreira

Concrete façade conservation of the Peru Pavilion of Seville (1927). Analysis of decay
V. Flores-Alés, F.J. Alejandre, F.J. Blasco, J.R. Baeza & R. Villegas

TiO2/SiO2 photocatalysts for application as self-cleaning coatings on historic concrete
S. Khannyra, M. Luna, R. Zarzuela, M.J. Mosquera & M. Addou


Significance of cultural heritage. Policies for conservation

Fuzzy logic applied to the analysis of the heritage buildings’ performance
A.J. Prieto, J.M. Macías-Bernal, F.J. Alejandre, M.J. Chávez, A. Silva & P. Ortiz

Analysis and structure of water distribution system in the distribution depot of the Carmona Gate as a way of supplying water to the Royal Alcazar of Seville
C. Bandrés Mariscal, M.D. Robador González &A. Albardonedo Freire

A new approach for lighting energy management
B. García-Fernández, A. Álvarez Fernandez-Balbuena & D. Vázquez-Moliní

Monitoring and modelling, a proposed method to assess the refurbishment projects in historic buildings
C.M. Muñoz González, A. León Rodríguez, I. Acosta García, M.A. Campano Laborda & J. Navarro Casas

Inhabitants’ social values for consideration in urban heritage conservation policy in Darmo area, Surabaya, Indonesia
E.Y. Astuti

The Nerja Cave as a conservation model for the subterranean cultural heritage
L.E. Fernández, C. Liñán &Y. del Rosal

Public institutions as deposits for lean-intensive-care cultural heritage objects
J.M. Gallardo, R. Sepúlveda, F. Medina & E. Díaz-Gutiérrez

Stone alteration and tourism
J. Sanjurjo-Sánchez & C. Alves

Surveying buildings as an essential tool for conservation tasks: The Royal Hospital in Granada (Spain)
J.F. Reinoso-Gordo, C. León-Robles, J.L. Ramírez-Macías & F.J. Ariza-López

Vulnerability study of three monumental gates from the 12th century (Marchena, Spain)
J. Benítez, R. Ortiz & P. Ortiz

Preparing cultural heritage for a natural disaster
K. Bennett & K. McLeod

Towards zero emission refurbishment in historic urban districts
A. Loli & C. Bertolin

A disaster risk management plan for Suasa archeological park (Italy)
L. Nobile

The current built environment of the medieval forts on Arwad Island, Syria
M. Hassan, H. Xie &T. Rahmoun

Optimizing damage and color fidelity in museum illumination with a mathematical model
S. Mayorga, D. Vázquez, A.A. Fernández-Balbuena & B. García-Fernández

Working methodology for the development of a master plan of action on the historical immovable heritage
J.M. Aragon, J.A. Ruiz, M.L.A. Gil & D. Zorrilla


Deterioration of cultural heritage

Natural stone decay: Artificial ageing tests versus natural weathering
R. Bellopede, L. Zichella, P. Marini & N.M. Luodes

Intensive damage due to salt crystallisation by rising damp in the Colegio Santo Domingo of Orihuela (Spain)
D. Benavente, C. Pla, J.M. Elena-Carbonell, Y. Spairani & C.M. Grossi

Ship ballasts in the Bay of Cadiz: Their use as pavements in the Cadiz Old City quarters during the 17th–19th century. Petrological and archaeometric approach
S. Domínguez-Bella, J. Martínez López & L. Criach

The Mosaic of Baco (Puente Melchor, Cádiz), a new archaeometric approach
A. Durante Macías, S. Domínguez-Bella & D. Bernal Casasola

Marble sculptures crack fixing by metallic staples
J.M. Gallardo, E. Díaz-Gutiérrez & J.A. López


Biodeterioration: Fundamentals, present and future perspectives. Session in honour of Prof. Cesáreo Sáiz Jiménez

Antimicrobial activity of essential oils: A green alternative to treat cultural heritage
N. Macro, C. Sbrana, S. Legnaioli & E. Galli

Microorganisms and monuments: Forty years of heritage conservation
B. Hermosin, L. Laiz, V. Jurado, A.Z. Miller & M.A. Rogerio-Candelera

Two decades using molecular techniques to study biodeterioration of cultural heritage: An amazing biotechnological development
G. Piñar & K. Sterflinger

Detecting cells with low RNA content colonizing artworks non-invasively: RNA-FISH
R. Vieira, M. Pazian, M. González-Pérez, A. Pereira, A. Candeias &A.T. Caldeira

Stone biodegradation and mitigation—the case of Convent of Christ, Portugal
T. Rosado, M. Silva, R. Santos, A. Galvão, J. Mirão, A. Candeias &A.T. Caldeira

Modified SiO2-AgNPs for biocide/superhydrophobic treatments for stone
R. Zarzuela, M.L.A. Gil, M.J. Mosquera & M. Carbú

Assessing the effect of different coloured lighting in controlling biological colonization
P. Sanmartín, D. Vázquez-Nion, B. Silva, B. Prieto & J. Arines


Underwater cultural heritage

Non-destructive study of the degradation processes in underwater metallic materials
E. Estalayo, J. Aramendia, K. Castro, J.M. Madariaga, L. Garcia & I. Garcia-Camino

Archaeometric study of waterlogged wood from the Roman cryptoporticus of Lisbon
G. Coradeschi, A. Manhita, C. Barrocas Dias, N. Mota, A. Caessa, C. Nozes, L. Sadori, F. Branco & L. Gonçalves

A general method to recover and stabilize super-fragile materials from underwater archaeological sites
L.C. Zambrano, M.L.A. Gil & M. Bethencourt


Conference closing paper

The Roman necropolis of Carmona, Spain: 10 years of research
S. Sanchez-Moral, J.C. Cañaveras, D. Benavente, A. Fernandez-Cortes, S. Cuezva, J. Elez, M.A. Rogerio-Candelera, V. Jurado & C. Saiz-Jimenez

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Maria J. Mosquera and M.L. Almoraima Gil are both Professors at the Departamento de Qui­mica Fi­sica at the University of Cadiz in Spain.