This book examines the relationship between environmentalism and political transition in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Environmentalism was a strong force behind the nationalist movements preceding the independence of the Baltic States and the subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union. The contributors illustrate how the Baltic States face contemporary environmental challenges through transition, enlargement and integration into the European Union.
This edited collection brings the reader through the political, economic and social changes of the post-Soviet Baltic States as a way of examining how transition influences environmentalism. Secondly, the book looks at how the enlargement of the European Union to encompass the Baltic States has influenced political and legal approaches to the environment. Finally, the contributors examine how regional and global environmental narratives have shaped contemporary environmentalism in the Baltic States. From ‘eco-nationalism’ to the world’s first ‘green’ prime minister, environmentalism continues to play an important role in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Baltic Studies.
1. Introduction: From Phosphate Springs to ‘Nordstream’: Contemporary Environmentalism in the Baltic States David J. Galbreath 2. Where Have all the Environmentalists Gone? Baltic Greens in the mid-1990s Timofey Agarin 3. Nature Conservation in Estonia: From Soviet Union to European Union Richard Caddell 4. Green, Black and Brown: Uncovering Latvia’s Environmental Politics David J. Galbreath and Daunis Auers 5. Without a Tinge of Red: The Fall and Rise of the Estonian Greens Allan Sikk and Rune Holmgaard Andersen 6. Minority Environmentalism and Eco-nationalism in the Baltics: Green Citizenship in the Making? Tove H. Malloy 7. Sustainable Development in Lithuania: Between the Government Agenda and the Undiscovered Civil Society Nora Mzavanadze 8. Narva–Ivangorod: Integrating and Disintegrating Transboundary Water Networks and Infrastructure Jussi S. Jauhiainen and Tarmo Pikner 9. Environment and Energy: The Baltic Sea Gas Pipeline Ellen Karm