1st Edition

Contemporary Learning Theories
Volume II: Instrumental Conditioning Theory and the Impact of Biological Constraints on Learning

ISBN 9781138875982
Published January 21, 2019 by Routledge
310 Pages

USD $57.95

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Book Description

This unique two-volume set provides detailed coverage of contemporary learning theory. Uniting leading experts in modern behavioral theory, these texts give students a complete view of the field. Volume I details the complexities of Pavlovian conditioning and describes the current status of traditional learning theories. Volume II discusses several important facets of instrumental conditioning and presents comprehensive coverage of the role of inheritance on learning.

A strong and complete base of knowledge concerning learning theories, these volumes are ideal reference sources for advanced students and professionals in experimental psychology, learning and learning theory, and comparative physiology.

Table of Contents

Volume I: Contents: R.R. Mowrer, S.B. Klein, Traditional Learning Theory and the Transition to Contemporary Learning Theory. Part I:Theories of Pavlovian Conditioning. P.J. Durlach, Learning and Performance in Pavlovian Conditioning: Are Failures of Contiguity Failures of Learning or Performance? R.R. Miller, L.D. Matzel, Contingency and Relative Associative Strength. A.G. Baker, P. Mercier, Attention, Retrospective Processing and Cognitive Representations. G. Hall, R. Honey, Perceptual and Associative Learning. A.R. Wagner, S.E. Brandon, Evolution of a Structured Connectionist Model of Pavlovian Conditioning (AESOP). A. Tomie, W. Brooks, Sign-Tracking: The Search for Reward. Part II:Current Status of Traditional Learning Theory. D.J. Levis, The Case for a Return to a Two-Factor Theory of Avoidance: The Failure of Non-Fear Interpretations. A. Dickinson, The Expectancy Theory of Animal Conditioning. Volume II: Contents: R.R. Mowrer, S.B. Klein. Part I:Introduction: A Contrast Between Traditional and Contemporary Learning Theory. Part II:Theories of Instrumental Conditioning. J. Allison, The Nature of Reinforcement. R.M. Church, Theories of Timing Behavior. S.F. Maier, Learned Helplessness: Event Co-Variation and Cognitive Changes. F. Vaccarino, B.B. Schiff, S.E. Glickman, A Biological View of Reinforcement. Part III:Biological Constraints in Learning. V.M. LoLordo, A. Droungas, Selective Associations and Adaptive Specializations: Food Aversion and Phobias. J. Garcia, L. Brett, K. Rusiniak, Limits of Darwinian Conditioning. A.L. Riley, C.L. Wetherington, Schedule-Induced Polydipsia: Is the Rat a Small Furry Human? W. Timberlake, G.A. Lucas, Behavior Systems and Learning: From Misbehavior to General Principles.

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"....the articles in the book provide useful summaries of recent work and can be recommended to researchers and advanced undergraduates alike."
The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

"As long as learning theory continues to serve as a catalyst for further experimentation, it must be regarded as making a substantial contribution towards our understanding of the mechanisms of associative learning."
The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology

"...these contributors represent a cadre that will influence conditioning research for another generation or two.... Wagner views his model as being connectionist in nature. If connectionist modeling does not degenerate into a curve-fitting excercise, it should become prominent in conditioning research. Moreover, connectionist models may provide a framework for accomodating conditioning theory to the rapid advances in our understanding of the neural substrates of conditioning."
American Journal of Psychology