272 pages | 26 B/W Illus.
Examining contestation and conflict management within holy cities, this book provides both an overview and a range of options available to those concerned with this increasingly urgent phenomenon.
In cities in India, the Balkans and the Mediterranean, we can see examples where religion plays a dominant role in urban development and thus provides a platform for conflict. Powerful religious hierarchies, the generation of often unregulated revenues from donations and endowments, the presence of holy sites and the enactment of ritualistic activities in public spaces combine together to create forms of conflict which are, arguably, more intense and more intractable than other forms of conflicts in cities. The book develops a working definition of the urban dimension of religious conflicts so that the kinds of conflict exhibited can be contextualised and studied in a more targeted manner. It draws together a series of case studies focussing on specific cities, the kinds of religious conflicts occurring in them and the international structures and mechanisms that have emerged to address such conflicts.
Combining expertise from both academics and practitioners in the policy and military world, this interdisciplinary collection will be of particular relevance to scholars and students researching politics and religion, regional studies, geography and urban studies. It should also prove useful to policy-makers in the military and other international organisations.
"A fascinating worldwide comparative study by first class scholars. Their rich and in-depth analysis produces a must read book for anyone interested in contemporary national-religious conflicts." – Professor Menachem Klein, Bar Ilan University Israel.
"A timely exploration of the critical intersection of religion, conflict and cities. This book brings to bear comparative and inter-disciplinary perspectives on the complex ways in which religious practices and urban forms fuel collective violence. Perhaps more importantly, it also opens up a policy debate about how such religion-infused conflicts might be moderated, managed or possibly even resolved." – Liam O’Dowd, Queens University Belfast.
"This valuable collection of wide-ranging, original, interdisciplinary research illuminates the complexity and urgency of better understanding religious flash points involving time, place, and people. This book reveals the ‘uneasy equilibria’ existing in cities at the interface of politics, religion, and urban form, and the diverse stakeholders who play roles in either disrupting or managing urban-religious co-existence. Policy practitioners at all levels, and academics, will benefit from a close read." – Scott A. Bollens, University of California, Irvine, USA.
"An impressive and timely volume exploring the urban dimension of religious conflicts through empirically rich global case studies. This book uniquely blends the insights and experience of scholars and practitioners, offering novel analysis and pragmatic solutions, for increasing complex religious confrontations." – Craig Larkin, King's College London, UK.
Part I Overview: Urban Dimensions of Religious Conflict
Introduction: The Urban Dimension of Religious Conflicts
Chapter 1: Contextualising Urban Religious Conflicts - How Do Cities Shape Conflicts?
Chapter 2: Crisis in Galasi - Simulating the Urban Dimensions of Religious Conflict
Part II Genealogies of Urban Conflict
Chapter 3: Vishweshwur Temple and Gyan Vapi Mosque: Entangled Histories in Banaras
Chapter 4: Managing Conflict amidst Development and Developmentalism - George Town, Penang
Francis Kok Wah Loh
Chapter 5: Jerusalem’s Ramadan Fridays: Pilgrimage through the Bottlenecks of Occupation
Chapter 6: Hebron - Holy and Divided
Part III Conflict Management and Resolution
Chapter 7: Protecting Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict - the Work of the Blue Shield
Chapter 8: Swimming in Dark Waters - Recent Conservation in Afghanistan
Chapter 9: The Protection of Cultural Heritage: The Experience of the Italian Carabinieri Command
Maj. Alfio Gullotta
Chapter 10: The Protection of Religious Sites in the Western Balkans – Some Lessons from Recent History.
This series aims to publish high quality works on the topic of the resurgence of political forms of religion in both national and international contexts. This trend has been especially noticeable in the post-cold war era (that is, since the late 1980s). It has affected all the ‘world religions’ (including, Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism) in various parts of the world (such as, the Americas, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa).
The series welcomes books that use a variety of approaches to the subject, drawing on scholarship from political science, international relations, security studies, and contemporary history.
Books in the series explore these religions, regions and topics both within and beyond the conventional domain of ‘church-state’ relations to include the impact of religion on politics, conflict and development, including the late Samuel Huntington’s controversial – yet influential – thesis about ‘clashing civilisations’.
In sum, the overall purpose of the book series is to provide a comprehensive survey of what is currently happening in relation to the interaction of religion and politics, both domestically and internationally, in relation to a variety of issues.