132 pages | 14 B/W Illus.
While there is extensive research published concerning juvenile justice and sentencing, most of the research focuses on individual and extra-legal factors, such as age, race, and gender, with scant attention paid to the impact of macro-level factors. This book assesses how a specific contextual factor—concentrated disadvantage—impacts juvenile court outcomes and considers the relevant implications for the current state of juvenile justice processing.
Using case-level data from a Southern state with a large, diverse population and contextual-level data from the 2010 US Census and American Community Survey, Maroun assesses whether youth living in neighborhoods of concentrated disadvantage experience harsher outcomes than their counterparts from other types of neighborhoods. Additionally, she examines whether concentrated disadvantage interacts with individual race/ethnicity to influence juvenile court outcomes. Results suggested a direct impact of concentrated disadvantage on diversion, adjudication, and probation type. Further, race significantly interacted with concentrated disadvantage in impacting adjudication and probation outcomes, while ethnicity significantly interacted with concentrated disadvantage in impacting disposition and commitment type.
This research expands the knowledge of macrolevel influences on juvenile court outcomes, providing support for the notion that community context impacts juvenile justice processing. Results also highlight the fact that judges use discretion as well as other legal and extralegal factors in exerting social control, and do so differently at each stage of processing. This monograph is essential reading for those engaged in youth and juvenile justice efforts and scholars interested in issues surrounding race, class, social policy, and justice.
Introduction. “Kids Count:” The Nature and Extent of Children Living in Poverty
1. Juvenile Justice Processing: Historical and Present Procedures
2. Blind Justice? An Empirical Review
3. Digging the Groundwork: Theoretical Constructs
4. Examining the Impact of Concentrated Disadvantage on Juvenile Sentencing Outcomes: Methodology
5. Does Concentrated Disadvantage Matter? Assessing Results
6. Breaking it Down: Summarizing and Discussing Results
7. Looking to Tomorrow: Policy Implications and Directions for Future Research
Juvenile justice matters are of critical concern in both the United States and around the world. Books in the Routledge Studies in Juvenile Justice and Delinquency series explore mechanisms, consequences, insights, and innovations in the field of juvenile justice and its responses to delinquency. Each monograph will examine new areas of empirical and theoretical inquiry, provide an agenda-setting discussion of important concepts and controversies surrounding juvenile justice and delinquency, and seek to encompass a transnational or global approach to the issues addressed. The series will be a resource for the international community of undergraduates, post-graduates, researchers, practitioners, and policymakers concerned with juveniles and families caught up in or at risk of engagement in delinquency and justice system involvement.
Series editor David L. Myers is Professor and Ph.D. Program Director in the Henry C. Lee College of Criminal Justice & Forensic Sciences at the University of New Haven. Proposal inquiries can be sent to him at: [email protected]