This book focuses on the emergence of different forms of civic and political activism in Turkey. It has taken into account different components of active citizenship, specifically looking at the development of civic and political forms of activism that bridge the realms of conventional and non-conventional participation. Focusing on the effects of the 2013 Gezi Park protests—which originated in Istanbul but spread throughout the country—this book reflects on how this experience might re-orient current on civic and political participation in Turkey. Specifically focusing on the main dynamics of non-conventional forms of civic and political activism, this volume attempts to understand the impact of non-conventional forms of political participation on voting behaviour.
The internal domestic conditions of the country, as well as its role in the international arena, have dramatically changed since 2013, and are constantly evolving due to the domestic societal and political cleavages, and the regional problems in the Middle East. Yet, the papers in the book reflect upon the significance of occupygezi nowadays, demonstrating not only its importance in questioning the link between the patrimonial state and its citizens, but also for stimulating participatory behaviours. The chapters originally published as a special issue in Turkish Studies.
Table of Contents
1. Conventional versus non-conventional political participation in Turkey: dimensions, means, and consequences 2. A participatory generation? The generational and social class bases of political activism in Turkey 3. Voting Behavior of the Youth in Turkey: What Drives Involvement in or Causes Alienation from Conventional Political Participation? 4. Between Gezi Park and Kamp Armen: the intersectional activism of leftist Armenian youths in Istanbul 5. Negotiating ‘the political’: a closer look at the components of young people’s politics emerging from the Gezi Protests 6. The weakest link or the magic stick?: Turkish activists’ perceptions on the scope and strength of digital activism 7. Europeanization of civil society in Turkey: legacy of the #Occupygezi movement 8. Youth activists and occupygezi : patterns of social change in public policy and in civic and political activism in Turkey 9. Stand-in as a performative repertoire of action
Cristiano Bee Cristiano Bee is Lecturer in Politics at Oxford Brookes University (UK). Previously he was an Assistant Professor at Kadir Has University, Turkey and Marie Curie Fellow at the European Institute of Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey, where he was principal investigator in the research project ‘The Europeanisation of the organised civil society in Turkey. The case of youth organisations in the prospect of the European integration’. He is author of Active Citizenship in Europe. Practices and Demands in the EU, Italy, Turkey and the UK (Palgrave 2017).
Ayhan Kaya is Professor of Politics and Jean Monnet Chair of European Politics of Interculturalism at the Department of International Relations, Istanbul Bilgi University; Director of the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence; and a member of the Science Academy, Turkey. He received his PhD and MA degrees at the University of Warwick, UK. Some of his books are Europeanization and Tolerance in Turkey (2013); Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization (2012).