Core Level Spectroscopy of Solids: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Core Level Spectroscopy of Solids

1st Edition

By Frank de Groot, Akio Kotani

CRC Press

512 pages | 271 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-03-10
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Description

Core level spectroscopy has become a powerful tool in the study of electronic states in solids. From fundamental aspects to the most recent developments, Core Level Spectroscopy of Solids presents the theoretical calculations, experimental data, and underlying physics of x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), and resonant x-ray emission spectroscopy (RXES).

Starting with the basic aspects of core level spectroscopy, the book explains the many-body effects in XPS and XAS as well as several theories. After forming this foundation, the authors explore more advanced features of XPS, XAS, XMCD, and RXES. Topics discussed include hard XPS, resonant photoemission, spin polarization, electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), and resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS). The authors also use the charge transfer multiplet theory to interpret core level spectroscopy for transition metal and rare earth metal systems.

Pioneers in the theoretical and experimental developments of this field, Frank de Groot and Akio Kotani provide an invaluable treatise on the numerous aspects of core level spectroscopy that involve solids.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF CORE LEVEL SPECTROSCOPIES

Core holes

Overview of core level spectroscopies

Interaction of x-rays with matter

Optical transition operators and x-ray absorption spectrum

The interaction of electrons with matter

X-ray sources

Electron sources

MANY-BODY CHARGE-TRANSFER EFFECTS IN XPS AND XAS

Introduction

Many-body charge-transfer effects in XPS

General expressions of many-body effects

General effects in XPS spectra

Typical examples of XPS spectra

Many-body charge-transfer effects in XAS

Comparison of XPS and XAS

CHARGE TRANSFER MULTIPLET THEORY

Atomic multiplet theory

Ligand field multiplet theory

The charge transfer multiplet theory

X-RAY PHOTOEMISSION SPECTROSCOPY

Introduction

Experimental aspects

XPS of TM compounds

XPS of RE compounds

Resonant photoemission spectroscopy

Hard XPS

Resonant inverse photoemission spectroscopy

Nonlocal screening effect in XPS

Auger photoemission coincidence spectroscopy

Spin polarization and magnetic dichroism in XPS

X-RAY ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY

Basics of XAS

Experimental aspects

The L2, 3 edges of 3d TM systems

Other x-ray absorption spectra of the 3d TM systems

X-ray absorption spectra of the 4d and 5d TM systems

X-ray absorption spectra of the 4f RE and 5f actinide systems

X-RAY MAGNETIC CIRCULAR DICHROISM

Introduction

XMCD effects in the L2, 3 edges of TM ions and compounds

Sum rules

XMCD effects in the K edges of transition metals

XMCD effects in the M edges of rare earths

XMCD effects in the L edges of rare earth systems

Applications of XMCD

RESONANT X-RAY EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY

Introduction

Rare earth compounds

High Tc Cuprates and related materials

Nickel and Cobalt compounds

Iron and Manganese compounds

Early transition metal compounds

Electron spin states detected by RXES and NXES

MCD in RXES of ferromagnetic systems

APPENDICES

Precise derivation of XPS formula

Derivation of Eq. (88) in Chapter 3

Fundamental tensor theory

Derivation of the orbital moment sum rule

Theoretical test of the spin sum rule

Calculations of XAS spectra with single electron excitation models

REFERENCES

INDEX

About the Series

Advances in Condensed Matter Science

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science