Food is a source of nourishment, a cause for celebration, an inducement to temptation, a means of influence, and signifies good health and well-being. Together with other life enhancing goods such as clean water, unpolluted air, adequate shelter and suitable clothing, food is a basic good which is necessary for human flourishing. In recent times, however, various environmental and social challenges have emerged, which are having a profound effect on both the natural world and built environment – such as climate change, feeding a growing world population, nutritional poverty and obesity. Consequently, whilst the relationships between producers, supermarkets, regulators and the individual have never been more important, they are becoming increasingly complicated.
In the context of a variety of hard and soft law solutions, with a particular focus on corporate social responsibility (CSR), the authors explore the current relationship between all actors in the global food supply chain. Corporate Social Responsibility, Social Justice and the Global Food Supply Chain also provides a comprehensive and interdisciplinary response to current calls for reform in relation to social and environmental justice, and proposes an alternative approach to current CSR initiatives. This comprises an innovative multi-agency proposal, with the aim of achieving a truly responsible and sustainable food retail system. Because only by engaging in the widest possible participatory exercise and reflecting on the urban locale in novel, material and cultural ways, is it possible to uncover new directions in understanding, framing and tackling the modern phenomena of, for instance, food deserts, obesity, nutritional poverty and social injustice. Corporate Social Responsibility, Social Justice and the Global Food Supply Chain engages with a variety of disciplines, including, law, economics, management, marketing, retailing, politics, sociology, psychology, diet and nutrition, consumer behaviour, environmental studies and geography. It will be of interest to both practitioners and academics, including postgraduate students, social scientists and policy-makers.
Introduction: Why do companies exist?
Chapter 1: Feasting Cavemen and Responsible Giants
1.1The eternal modern feast of supermarkets
1.2 The growth of the supermarkets
1.3 Food hedonism
1.4 The growing obesity epidemic
1.5 The multiple dimensions of economies of scale in supermarkets
1.6 What is CSR?
1.7 ‘Provisions’ as a Fourth Bottom Line; why we need enhanced supermarket CSR
1.8 Is anything wrong with supermarket corporate social responsibility?
1.9 The need for more accountable, comparable and long-term CSR
1.10 The need for other actors in the realm of supermarket corporate social responsibility
Chapter 2: Food justice as social justice: towards a new regulatory framework in support of a basic human right to healthy food
2.1 The need for regulatory reform to address food injustice
2.2 Hungry for justice: the right to nutritional food and a healthy diet
2.3 Social stratification, poverty and the unequal burden of family health and nutrition
2.4 A Rawlsian approach to alleviating food poverty as a fundamental principle of social justice
2.5 The reciprocal influence of egalitarian institutions as a basic requirement of social justice
2.6 Between theory and reality: from moral law to soft law solutions
2.7 The potential and limits of corporate social responsibility
2.8 Beyond CSR, soft law and traditional regulatory models
2.9 ‘Proximity’ via Levinas and the law of tort: social responsibility begins in the neighbourhood
2.10 Can there ever be a human right to healthy food?
Chapter 3 Food Retailing, Society and the Economy
3.1 From laissez-faire to planning regulations
3.2 Behemoths versus Boroughs
3.3 Supermarket land banks
3.4. Other supermarket planning issues
3.5. Respect for other nations’ laws and culture
3.6. Supermarkets and competition with other retailers
3.7 Supermarket competition with retailers in the developing world
3.8. Supermarkets and job creation
3.9 Supermarket pay levels
Chapter 4 Food retailing and the environment
4.1 Energy use in the food chain
4.2 Food miles
4.3 Water usage
4.4. Sustainability of the food chain
4.5 Sustainability of fishing
4.6 Sustainability of the rainforest
4.7 Plastic pollution
4.8 Binning the plastic
4.9 Food waste
Chapter 5 Food retailing and supermarket suppliers
5.1. Supermarket monopsonies and farm prices
5.2. The price of milk
5.3 Other supermarket food prices
5.4 Supermarket clothing prices
5.5 Supermarket payments to suppliers
5.6. The pressures on rural society
5.7 Animal welfare
5.8 Food Labelling
Chapter 6 Food Retailing, Community and Consumers
6.1 Assistance for customers
6.2. Local charity donations
6.3. Food banks
6.4. Tesco Computers for Schools
6.5. Other supermarket charitable donations
6.6. Supermarket customer data
6.7. Effort made by supermarkets to ensure the food from food processors is healthier.
6.8. Marketing to children
6.9. Supermarket food labelling
Chapter 7 Other food suppliers and food promoters
7.1. Schools, prisons and the military
7.2. Hospitals and care homes
7.3. Television and other advertising.
Chapter 8: Supermarket CSR initiatives now, and change for future health and sustainability
8.1. A classification of current supermarket CSR initiatives
8.2. The feel-good factor of CSR
8.3. Refocussing CSR towards health and sustainability
8.4. Keeping the supermarkets intact, candid, responsible and responsive
Management, Organizations and Society represents innovative work grounded in new realities; addressing issues crucial to an understanding of the contemporary world. This is the world of organized societies, where boundaries between formal and informal, public and private, local and global organizations have been displaced or vanished along with other nineteenth century dichotomies and oppositions. Management, apart from becoming a specialised profession for a growing number of people, is an everyday activity for most members of modern societies. Management, Organizations and Society will address these contemporary dynamics of transformation in a manner that transcends disciplinary boundaries, with work which will appeal to researchers, students and practitioners alike.