This reference reviews many principles and practices of microbiology in the cosmetic industry to address globalization of products. Supplying chapters from leading authorities around the world, this guide highlights emerging issues in nanotechnology, governmental regulation, and efficacy testing, as well as demonstrates the impact of microbiologica
Introduction. A History of Cosmetic Microbiology in the USA. A History of Pharmaceutical Preservation in the UK. A History of Cosmetic and Drug Microbiology in Japan. Factors in Selecting and Testing Preservatives. Preservative Efficacy Testing during Formula Development and Stability Testing. Introduction to the Preservation of Make-up Type Products. Risk Factor Assessment of Anhydrous/Atypical Cosmetic Products. Global Preservative Systems. Safety and Toxicological Properties of Preservatives. Hurdle Technology for Cosmetic and Drug Preservation. Cosmetic Preservation Using Enzymes. Plant Products as Antimicrobial Agents. Microbiological Limit Testing: Microbial Specifications for Finished Products. Raw Material and Water Microbial Bioburden. Nanotechnology: Tools Microbiologists Can Use to Refine Their Research. Microbiology of the Skin. Microbiological Testing During Clinical Trials. Evolution of Cosmetic Microbiology Beyond Agar Plating. New Developments and Opportunities in Cosmetic Microbiology.