This book presents an alternative view of cosmopolitanism, citizenship and modernity in early 20th-century India through the multiple lenses of mysticism, travel, friendship, art, and politics.It makes a key intervention in the understanding of cosmopolitan modernity based on the lives and experiences of Rabindranath Tagore, Ananda Coomaraswamy, Sri Aurobindo, Mirra Alfassa, James Cousins, Paul Richard, Dilip Kumar Roy, and Taraknath Das. Using archival texts and photographs, Mohanty interrogates the ideas of tradition and modernity, the local and the global, and Self and the world as integral to the conception of a cosmopolitan world order.
The volume will interest scholars and students of modern Indian history, comparative literature, cultural studies, Indian philosophy, and South Asian studies and the general reader.
‘[This volume] builds on the seminal theorizations of pan-Asian cosmopolitanism . . . to shift the discourse to early 20th-century India . . . [Mohanty’s] deft deployment of half-forgotten figures and dusty archives may well provide relevant clues to our understanding of the globalization in process today.’ — Harish Trivedi, University of Delhi
‘Skilfully using interesting archival material, Sachidananda Mohanty maps out the emergence of the concept of ‘cosmopolitan modernity’ at the beginning of the 20th century.’ — Malavika Karlekar, Indian Journal of Gender Studies
‘[This] book is especially valuable for drawing attention to overlooked historical encounters that can shed light on our current concern with cosmopolitan modernity and its implications for the future of world cultures.’ — Barbara Nelson, School of Culture, History and Language,
ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, Canberra
‘While words like "modernity," "cosmopolitanism" and "citizenship" are usually defined in terms of their Western genesis, here are refreshingly new definitions, which have lifted these terms from their stereotypical contexts and accorded them a new orientation in their displacement and transmigration. This text will contribute significantly to the current debate on what constitutes modernity for us.’ — Prafulla C. Kar, Director, Centre for Contemporary Theory, Baroda
‘Bringing together several great thinkers, writers and activists of the twentieth century . . . Sachidananda Mohanty raises questions that are important to us now — about cosmopolitanism and cultural citizenship, decolonization and the ethics of globalisation.’ — Meena Alexander, Professor of English, Graduate Center/Hunter College, City University of New York
Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction: Cosmopolitanism and Cultural Citizenship 1. The Celtic Twilight: The Eastern Journey of James Cousins 2. Utopian Longings and the French Connection: Paul Richard and the Politics of Friendship3. Yoga for a New World: Dilip Kumar Roy and Sri Aurobindo 4. ‘The World in a Nest’: The Cosmopolitanism of Rabindranath Tagore 5. Cosmopolitanism through the Arts: The Art Criticism of Ananda Coomaraswamy and Sri Aurobindo6. The Revolutionary as the Cosmopolitan: The Many Lives of Taraknath Das. Conclusion