Crime, Law and Social Science
Originally published in 1933. This book came out of the seminal ‘Michael‐Adler report’ of a survey carried out to determine whether there was sufficient need for an institute of criminology and criminal justice in the United States and planning such institute. After responses from social scientists and criminal justice practitioners to the report, this book led to criminology’s establishment as a discipline in its own right. This work presented the state of knowledge in the area at the time and the research methods being used and its place within scientific research. It focuses on the problems of identifying issues within criminal law and how to further investigation and research into them. The authors present their conclusions on the place of law within social sciences and also comment on psychology and sociology, where criminology at this time was based academically.
Table of Contents
Preface Part 1: Introduction 1. The Nature of Crime 2. Knowledge and Practical Problems Knowledge and Practical Problems, Practical and Theoretical Problems, The Theoretical Aspects of Practical Problems, The Utility of Knowledge in The Solution Of Practical Problems 3. The Problems of Crime The Ultimate Ends of Criminal Justice, What Behavior Shall Be Made Criminal, How Shall Criminals Be Treated, The Problem of Crime Prevention, The Administrative Problems of Criminal Justice, The Problems of the Criminal Law Part 2: Criminology 4. The Conditions of a Science of Criminology An Evaluation of the Results of Criminological Research, The Requirements of Scientific Work in Criminology, The Prerequisites of a Science of Criminology 5. Researches in Causation Preliminary Discussion: Problems and Methods, A Survey of Empirical Studies of the Causes of Crime, Critical Summary 6. Researches in Treatment Preliminary Discussion: Problems and Methods, A Survey of Empirical Studies of the Treatment of Offenders, Critical Summary 7. Researches in Prevention Preliminary Discussion: Problems and Methods, A Survey of Empirical Studies of the Prevention of Crime, Critical Summary 8. The Control of Crime by Trial and Error The Problem of the Control of Crime, Proposals for the Modification of the Treatment Process, Proposed Plans and Programs for the Prevention of Crime, Conclusion: The Inevitability of Crime Part 3: Criminal Justice 9. Researches in the Administration of the Criminal Law Preliminary Discussion: Problems and Methods, A Survey of Empirical Studies of the Administration of the Criminal Law, Critical Summary 10. Increasing the Efficiency of the Criminal Justice by Common Sense 11. The Criminal Law The Problems of the Criminal Law, What Should Be the Ultimate End of Criminal Law, What Behavior Should Be Made Criminal, How Should Criminals Be Treated, Knowledge of the Criminal Law, Legislation By Trial and Error, Conclusion: Law and Social Science Part 4: Conclusions and Recommendations 12. An Institute of Criminology and of Criminal Justice Introduction, Conclusions, Positive Recommendations, Negative Recommendations, The Larger Significance of the Proposed Institute. Appendices: Mortality Tables
Jerome Michael was Professor of Law at Columbia University.
Mortimer Jerome Adler was a philosopher, educator, and popular author who taught at Columbia Univetrsity and the University of Chicago, where he was Professor of the Philosophy of Law. He co-founded the Great Books program, worked for Encyclopedia Britannica and founded the Institute for Philosophical Research in San Francisco.