This book sheds light on the management challenges of crisis and emergency response in an arctic environment.
It explores how the complexity of the operational environment impacts on the risk of operations and addresses a need for tailor-made emergency response mechanisms. Through case studies of the arctic environment, the book illustrates how factors such as nature, geography, demographics and infrastructure increase the complexity of crises in the Arctic and present a significant danger to life and health, the environment and values in challenging Arctic waters. The case studies lay a special focus on contextual factors including conflicting interests and different stakeholder groups, as well as the institutional platforms influencing crisis response and emergency management. They also explore the implications for the managerial roles, the mode of operations, and the structuring of the organizations responsible for the emergency response. The necessity to facilitate cooperation across organizations and borders and a need for organizational flexibility in large scale operations are also emphasized.
Written in an accessible style, this book will make for a useful resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students of disaster and emergency management, as well as for professionals involved in emergency services.
Table of Contents
Natalia Andreassen and Odd Jarl Borch
Part 1: Activity and Risk Aspects In The Arctic
2. The Opening of the Arctic: How Newcomers Gain Access to a Complex Environment
3. Maritime Activity and Risk in the Arctic
4. Search and Rescue Capabilities in the Arctic: Is the High North Prepared at an Adequate level?
Dimitrios Dalaklis and Megan Drewniak
5. COMMENTARY: Activity and Risk Versus Preparedness in the High North
6. COMMENTARY: Vessels and Opportunities: How the Arctic Expedition Cruise Industry Can Contribute to Enhanced Marine Preparedness in Polar Waters
Frigg Jørgensen and Edda Falk
Part 2: The Institutional Platforms for Risk Reduction and Emergency Response
7. The Legal Possibilities for Policing the Arctic Ocean
8. Coast Guard Cooperation in the Arctic: A Key Piece of the Puzzle
9. COMMENTARY: Response – Coast Guard Cooperation in the Arctic: A Key Piece of The Puzzle, Roberto H. Torres
10. COMMENTARY: International Cooperation - The Way to Success
Jens Peter Holst-Andersen
Part 3: Crisis and Emergency Management, Competence and Training
11. Coordination of Oil Emergencies in the Russian Arctic. Issues of Operational Hierarchy and Coordination Challenges
12. Coordination of Emergency Response Systems in High-Complexity Environments - Structuring Mechanisms and Managerial Roles
Natalia Andreassen and Odd Jarl Borch
13. Counter-Terrorism at Sea and Its Implications for Selected Arctic Maritime Soft Targets
14. Emergency Collaboration Exercises and Learning – Experiences from the Arctic
Ensieh Roud and Johannes Schmied
15. COMMENTARY: The Practical Cooperation on Oil Spill Preparedness and Response in the Barents Sea and the Arctic
Ole Kristian Bjerkemo
16. COMMENTARY: Search and Rescue in the Arctic
17. Perspective on Future Research
Odd Jarl Borch and Natalia Andreassen
Natalia Andreassen is Associate Professor in Organization and Management at the Nord University Business School, Norway. Her research focuses on issues of coordination and organization with special focus on emergency management. She conducts research at the High North Center of Business and Governance.
Odd Jarl Borch is Professor of Strategy at the Nord University, Bodo, Norway. He received his M.Sc. from The Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration in 1979, and his PhD from Umea University in Sweden in 1990. He has a Master Mariner education from Bodin Maritime Academy.