Crops and Environmental Change : An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub> book cover
1st Edition

Crops and Environmental Change
An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO2 and O3

ISBN 9781560229131
Published February 7, 2005 by CRC Press
421 Pages

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Book Description

Examine important global environmental changes that will affect the future of agriculture!

Here is a complete introduction to the influence of global environmental changes on the structure, function, and harvestable yield of major field crops. It gives you an in-depth look at the effects of climate change, air pollution, and soil salinization. The book provides an introduction to the ramifications, both positive and negative, of these ongoing environmental changes for present and future crop production and food supply.

Crops and Environmental Change: An Introduction to Effects of Global Warming, Increasing Atmospheric CO2 and O3 Concentrations, and Soil Salinization on Crop Physiology and Yield integrates a discussion of the physiological effects of environmental change with background information on basic topics in plant physiology. Numerous charts, tables, and figures are included to assist in understanding the empirical effects of the environment on crops.

Topics addressed in Crops and Environmental Change include:

  • the effects of increasing global atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration
  • climatic changes associated with increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases
  • the effects of increasing ozone concentrations in the lower atmosphere across large crop-growing regions
  • soil salinization in areas of irrigated crops
  • the causes and trajectories of ongoing environmental changes
  • the implications of environmental changes on the future of crop production
  • and much more!
The information in this book is appropriate for newcomers to the field as well as for seasoned professionals. It is written in language accessible to those new to the area and serves as a good jumping off point for more in-depth study. And since it is organized like a traditional plant physiology textbook, it is appropriate for students in the field. For experienced professionals, it acts as a handy refresher/reference tool on the basics of plant physiology. Crops and Environmental Change is a valuable resource for anyone concerned with the future of agriculture. Make it part of your professional/teaching collection today!

Table of Contents

  • Preface and Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1. Introduction
  • Human Population Growth
  • Environmental Changes
  • Crops and Food Supply
  • Population, Crop Yield, and Crop Production
  • Summary
  • Chapter 2. Methods of Studying Effects of Environmental Change on Crops
  • Correlations Between Observed Yield and Historical Patterns of Environmental Variation and Change
  • Experimental Control of Environmental Conditions
  • Methods for Salinity Studies
  • Summary
  • Chapter 3. Cellular Responses to the Environment
  • Membrane Structure and Function
  • Enzymes
  • Cellular Mechanisms of Stress Resistance
  • The Role of Calcium in Stress Responses
  • Specificity, Cross-Talk, and Cross-Tolerance
  • Summary
  • Chapter 4. Water Relations
  • The Future of Fresh Water Resources
  • Effects of Climate Change on Global Hydrology
  • Excess Precipitation
  • Drought
  • Water Uptake, Transport in Xylem, and Transpiration
  • The Plant Surface
  • Roots and Hydraulic Conductance
  • The Crop Canopy
  • Environmental Changes
  • Summary
  • Chapter 5. Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Biosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis
  • Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Effects of Environmental Conditions and Changes on Respiration
  • Biosynthesis
  • Summary
  • Chapter 6. Partitioning of Photosynthate
  • Source and Sink
  • Harvest Index
  • Methods for Studying Partitioning
  • Carbon Partitioning Within Source Leaves
  • Phloem Loading, Transport, and Unloading
  • Regulation of Whole Plant Carbon Partitioning
  • Environmental Changes
  • Summary
  • Chapter 7. Mineral Nutrition
  • Nutrient Passage from Soil to Root and Beyond
  • Regulation of Ion Uptake
  • Kinetics of Nutrient Uptake
  • Environmental Changes
  • Summary
  • Chapter 8. Vegetative Growth and Development
  • Growth Patterns
  • Meristems, Organs, and Development
  • Shoots
  • Roots
  • Developmental Stages
  • Environmental Changes
  • Summary
  • Chapter 9. Sexual Reproduction, Grain Yield, and Grain Quality
  • Sexually Reproductive Development
  • Yield Components and Variation
  • Environmental Changes
  • Interactive Effects of Environmental Changes on Yield
  • Summary
  • Chapter 10. The Biotic Environment
  • Weeds
  • Insect Pests and Diseases
  • Symbiotic Relationships with Soil Organisms
  • Multiple Environmental Changes and Implications for Biotic Interactions
  • Summary
  • Appendix A: List of Plant Species
  • Appendix B: Definition of U.S. “Principal Crops”
  • References
  • Index

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