Cross-Linked Liquid Crystalline Systems: From Rigid Polymer Networks to Elastomers, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Cross-Linked Liquid Crystalline Systems

From Rigid Polymer Networks to Elastomers, 1st Edition

Edited by Dirk Broer, Gregory P Crawford, Slobodan Zumer

CRC Press

629 pages | 454 B/W Illus.

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Description

Liquid crystal displays were discovered in the 1960s, and today we continue to enjoy the benefits of that fundamental discovery and its translation into a wide variety of products. Like liquid crystals, polymers are unusual materials, and have similarly enjoyed a great deal of research attention because of their vast applications and uses and complex fundamental properties. The combination of liquid crystal and polymer properties produces a broad array of new effects—spanning from densely crosslinked, rigid polymer networks to weakly crosslinked elastomers—that are not simply manifestations of either native liquid crystals or polymers alone.

Cross-Linked Liquid Crystalline Systems brings together liquid crystal and polymer systems and their variations. The field, much like traditional liquid crystals, is one of an interdisciplinary nature with a broad spectrum, from the very fundamental questions of nature to a myriad of practical uses. There seems to be no shortage of unusual properties and far-reaching applications in densely crossed-linked liquid crystal systems and liquid crystal elastomers. These systems provide a rich new avenue for both fundamental and applied research and continue to fascinate scientists and engineers. Specifically, this book covers:

  • Cross-linked networks created from reactive mesogen materials
  • Manipulation of liquid crystalline by external constraints
  • Advances in liquid crystal display screen technology
  • Physical and electromagnetic properties of elastomers and magnetic gels
  • Computer simulations and theory of liquid crystal polymeric networks and elastomers
  • Side-on nematic liquid-crystalline elastomers for artificial muscle applications

Liquid crystal display technology has driven much of the fundamental research in crosslinked liquid crystalline systems. The systems’ ability to enforce three-dimensional structure in the molecular order and capture it created a number of compelling application possibilities because it provided necessary control of the molecular order. This book advances the understanding of basic science behind these systems, accelerates some of the proposed applications to the marketplace, and hopes to inspire generations of scientists to think broadly about these exciting and useful materials.

Table of Contents

Preface

Editors

Contributors

Densely Cross-Linked Systems

Densely Cross-Linked Liquid Crystal Networks by Controlled Photopolymerization of Ordered Liquid Crystal Monomers: Properties and Applications, Johan Lub and Dirk J. Broer

Spatially Ordered Polymers Self-Assembled in Ordered Liquid Crystal Templates, Liang-Chy Chien, Carmen Otilia Catanescu, and Lanfang Li

Responsive Reactive Mesogen Microstructure, Darran R. Cairns, Matthew E. Sousa, and Gregory P. Crawford

Viewing Angle Compensation Films for LCD Using Reactive Mesogens, Ichiro Amimori and Tokuju Oikawa

Interferometric Applications Using Liquid Crystalline Networks, Toralf Scharf and Gerben Boer

Anisotropic Emitting Cross-Linked Polymers Based on Liquid Crystals, L. Oriol, M. Pinol, and Jose Luis Serrano

Photomechanical Effects of Cross-Linked Liquid-Crystalline Polymers, Jun-ichi Mamiya, Yanlei Yu, and Tomiki Ikeda

Photoreactive Processes for Flexible Displays and Optical Devices, Sin-Doo Lee and Jae-Hoon Kim

Polymer MEMS, Casper L. van Oosten, Cees W.M. Bastiaansen, and Dirk J. Broer

Polymerizable Liquid Crystal Networks for Semiconductor Applications, Maxim N. Shkunov, Iain McCulloch, and Theo Kreouzis

Reactive Mesogens in Organic Light-Emitting Devices, Peter Strohriegl

Weakly Cross-Linked Systems: Liquid Crystal Elastomers

Physical Properties of Liquid Crystalline Elastomers, Eugene M. Terentjev

Lagrange Elasticity Theory of Liquid Crystal Elastomers, Tom C. Lubensky and Olaf Stenull

Orientational Order and Paranematic–Nematic Phase Transition in Liquid Single Crystal Elastomers: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Calorimetric Studies, Boštjan Zalar, Zdravko Kutnjak, Slobodan Žumer,and Heino Finkelmann

Computer Simulations of Liquid Crystal Polymeric Networks and Elastomer, G. Skacej and Claudio Zannoni

Electromechanical Effects in Swollen Nematic Elastomers, Kenji Urayama and Toshikazu Takigawa

Smectic Elastomers, Mark Warner

Physical Properties of Magnetic Gels, Helmut R. Brand, Philippe Martinoty, and Harald Pleiner

Side-On Nematic Liquid-Crystalline Elastomers for Artificial Muscle Applications, Min-Hui Li and Patrick Keller

Index

About the Editors

Dirk J. Broer, Gregory P. Crawford, Slobodan Žumer

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science