This book considers the role journalism education plays in coping with a changing media landscape. It looks at how journalists can empower themselves in an effort to excel in an evolving environment and considers whether it suffices for them to master ‘pre-millennial’ basic skills or whether brand new competencies need to be incorporated.
Few dramatic qualifications are spared when discussing the changes that have shaken the news environment during the noughties. Digitization has both empowered and tried professional journalists through multimedia news production, media convergence and not least a maturing commercial internet. Moreover, digitization has also influenced, and been influenced by, other societal changes such as global financial tensions, evolving multicultural societies, and emerging democracies in search for a suitable journalistic paradigm. Indeed, the rather technological evolutions emphasized time and again, cannot be detached from a cultural setting. This is why an investigation in required competencies benefits from an explicit socio-cultural and cross-continental perspective. As this book tackles a varied set of ‘news ecosystems’, it is our hope to offer a nuanced view on what indeed seems to be a global fluidity in journalism practice.
Explicit emphasis is put on the role of journalism education as facilitator for, and even innovator in, required journalistic competencies. Time will tell whether or not ‘news ecosystems’ will again stabilize. This volume makes a number of concrete recommendations towards journalism training and discusses a number of case studies across several continents, illustrating how goals are attuned to a changed news environment. As this book links academic paradigms to concrete journalism practice and education, its reading is recommended both for practitioners and educators.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Journalism Practice.
Preface Bob Franklin; 1. Introduction: Cross-continental views on journalistic skills in the digital age Leen d’Haenens, Michaël Opgenhaffen and Maarten Corten 2. Journalistic Tools of the Trade in Flanders: Is there a fit between journalism education and professional practice? Michaël Opgenhaffen, Leen d’Haenens and Maarten Corten 3. Beacons of Reliability: European journalism students and professionals on future qualifications for journalists Nico Drok 4. The Global Journalist in the Twenty-First Century: A cross-national study of journalistic competencies Lars Willnat, David H. Weaver and Jihyang Choi 5. Culture Clash: International media training and the difficult adoption of Western journalism practices among Indonesian radio journalists Nurhaya Muchtar and Thomas Hanitzsch 6. Investigative Journalism on Campus: The Australian experience Ian Richards and Beate Josephi 7. Beyond Skills Training: Six macro themes in South African journalism education Pieter J. Fourie
The journal Journalism Studies was established at the turn of the new millennium by Bob Franklin. It was launched in the context of a burgeoning interest in the scholarly study of journalism and an expansive global community of journalism scholars and researchers. The ambition was to provide a forum for the critical discussion and study of journalism as a subject of intellectual inquiry but also an arena of professional practice. Previously, the study of journalism in the UK and much of Europe was a fairly marginal branch of the larger disciplines of media, communication and cultural studies; only a handful of Universities offered degree programmes in the subject. Journalism Studies has flourished and succeeded in providing the intended public space for discussion of research on key issues within the field, to the point where in 2007 a sister journal, Journalism Practice, was launched to enable an enhanced focus on practice-based issues, as well as foregrounding studies of journalism education, training and professional concerns. Both journals are among the leading ranked journals within the field and publish six issues annually, in electronic and print formats. From the outset, the publication of themed issues has been a commitment for both journals. Their purpose is first, to focus on highly significant or neglected areas of the field; second, to facilitate discussion and analysis of important and topical policy issues; and third, to offer readers an especially high quality and closely focused set of essays, analyses and discussions; or all three.
The Journalism Studies: Theory and Practice book series draws on a wide range of these themed issues from both journals and thereby extends the critical and public forum provided by them. The Editor of the journals works closely with guest editors to ensure that the books achieve relevance for readers and the highest standards of research rigour and academic excellence. The series makes a significant contribution to the field of journalism studies by inviting distinguished scholars, academics and journalism practitioners to discuss and debate the central concerns within the field. It also reaches a wider readership of scholars, students and practitioners across the social sciences, humanities and communication arts, encouraging them to engage critically with, but also to interrogate, the specialist scholarly studies of journalism which this series provides.