Crusader Archaeology : The Material Culture of the Latin East book cover
2nd Edition

Crusader Archaeology
The Material Culture of the Latin East

ISBN 9780367872847
Published December 12, 2019 by Routledge
306 Pages

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Book Description

Crusader Archaeology examines what life was like for European settlers in the Latin East and how they were influenced by their new-found neighbours. Incorporating recent excavation results and the latest research, this new edition updates the only detailed study of the material culture of the Frankish settlers in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan. Adrian Boas provides comprehensive coverage of the key topics connected to crusader archaeology, including an examination of urban and rural settlements, agriculture, industry, the military, the church, public and private architecture, arts and crafts, leisure pursuits, death and burial and building techniques. There are also entirely new chapters on domestic architecture and disease, injury and medical treatment. Drawing on the extensive experience of an established writer in the field, Crusader Archaeology effectively combines a broad body of material to introduce readers to the archaeological research of the region. This well-illustrated volume is a crucial survey for all those interested in the Middle Ages, and in particular the Crusades.

Table of Contents

List of illustrations

Preface and acknowledgements

A note on the use of place-names



1 Background: the Crusades and Outremer

Geography and climate

The native population

The Frankish settlers

The Italians

Frankish administration and institutions

The Church

The military orders

2 The city and urban life

Major cities

Coastal towns

Inland towns

3 The rural landscape

Land ownership and the rural population in the kingdom of Jerusalem

Taxes and tithes


The structure of the native casalia and the status of the local peasants

The Frankish villani and the planned villages

Illustrations Manor houses and farmhouses

Agriculture and rural industry

4 The defence of the Latin East

Typology of the Crusader castle

How the Franks built their castles

Siege warfare

5 Frankish ecclesiastical architecture



6 Frankish domestic architecture



7 Crafts and minor arts




Stone vessels and objects

Inscriptions and heraldry



Arms and armour

Greek fire


Leather working

Ivory carvings

Objects of bone and mother-of-pearl

Crusader coins

Crusader seals

8 The fine arts

Figurative sculpture

Non-figurative ornamentation

Wall painting Mosaics

Manuscript illumination


9 Building techniques and materials

Mortar and plaster




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Adrian J. Boas is Professor of Medieval Archaeology in the Departments of Archaeology and Israel Studies at the University of Haifa, Israel. He is president of the international Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East (SSCLE). His research focuses on the archaeology of the Crusader period and his publications include The Crusader World (2016), Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades (2001) and Archaeology of the Military Orders (2006).