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2nd Edition

Cryogenic Heat Transfer




ISBN 9781482227444
Published May 23, 2016 by CRC Press
682 Pages - 212 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Cryogenic Heat Transfer, Second Edition continues to address specific heat transfer problems that occur in the cryogenic temperature range where there are distinct differences from conventional heat transfer problems. This updated version examines the use of computer-aided design in cryogenic engineering and emphasizes commonly used computer programs to address modern cryogenic heat transfer problems. It introduces additional topics in cryogenic heat transfer that include latent heat expressions; lumped-capacity transient heat transfer; thermal stresses; Laplace transform solutions; oscillating flow heat transfer, and computer-aided heat exchanger design. It also includes new examples and homework problems throughout the book, and provides ample references for further study.

New in the Second Edition:

  • Expands on thermal properties at cryogenic temperatures to include latent heats and superfluid helium
  • Develops the material on conduction heat transfer and divides it into four separate chapters to facilitate understanding of the separate features and computational techniques in conduction heat transfer
  • Introduces EES (Engineering Equation Solver), a computer-aided design tool, and other computer applications such as Maple
  • Describes special features of heat transfer at cryogenic temperatures such as analysis with variable thermal properties, heat transfer in the near-critical region, Kapitza conductance, and network analysis for free-molecular heat transfer
  • Includes design procedures for cryogenic heat exchangers

Cryogenic Heat Transfer, Second Edition discusses the unique problems surrounding conduction heat transfer at cryogenic temperatures. This second edition incorporates various computational software methods, and provides expanded and updated topics, concepts, and applications throughout. The book is designed as a textbook for students interested in thermal problems occurring at cryogenic temperatures and also serves as reference on heat transfer material for practicing cryogenic engineers.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Introduction
Cryogenic Heat Transfer Applications
Material Properties at Cryogenic Temperatures
Cryogenic Insulations
Problems
References

One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction Heat Transfer

Governing Equations
One-Dimensional Steady-State Conduction
Conduction in Composite Materials
Thermal Contact Resistance
Conduction in Extended Surfaces
Properties of Frost at Cryogenic Temperatures
Numerical Analysis of One-Dimensional Conduction
Thermal Stresses
Problems
References

Lumped Capacity Transient Heat Transfer

Lumped Thermal Capacity Model and the Biot Number
Governing Equation for Lumped Thermal Capacity Model
Lumped Thermal Capacity Model and the Thermal Lag
Numerical Solutions
Cooldown of Objects with Coated Surfaces
Problems
References

Two-Dimensional Steady-State Conduction

Separation of Variables Solution
Superposition
Numerical Techniques
Problems
References

Transient Conduction with Spatial Gradients

The Conduction Time Constant
Separation of Variables Solution
Laplace Transforms
Numerical Techniques
Cooldown of Cryogenic Fluid Storage Vessels
Problems
References

Single-Phase Convection Heat Transfer

Introduction
Dimensionless Numbers
Internal Forced Convection Flow
External Forced Convection Flow
Free Convection
Heat Transfer in the Near-Critical Region
Kapitza Conductance
Oscillating Flow Heat Transfer
Problems
References

Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

Flow Regimes in Two-Phase Flow
Pressure Drop in Two-Phase Flow
Boiling Heat Transfer
Condensation
Freezing at Cryogenic Temperatures
Solid–Liquid (Slush) Flow and Heat Transfer
Problems
References

Radiation Heat Transfer

Introduction
Black Body Radiation
Thermal Radiation Properties
Radiation Configuration Factor
Radiant Exchange between Two Gray Surfaces
The Network Method for Enclosures
Semi-Gray Surface Model
Radiation from LNG Fires
Problems
References

Free Molecular Flow

Flow Regimes and the Knudsen Number
Flow and Conductance in Vacuum Systems
Free Molecular Heat Transfer
Free Molecular Heat Transfer in Enclosures
Problems
References

Cryogenic Heat Exchangers

Cryogenic Heat Exchanger Types
NTU–Effectiveness Design Method
Heat Exchanger Factor of Safety
Giauque–Hampson Heat Exchanger Design
Plate-Fin Heat Exchanger Design
Perforated-Plate Exchanger Design
Effect of Variable Specific Heat
Effect of Longitudinal Heat Conduction
Effect of Heat Transfer from Ambient
Regenerators
Regenerator Design
Regenerator Design Example
Problems
References

Appendices

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Author(s)

Biography

Randall F. Barron is professor emeritus of mechanical engineering at Louisiana Tech University in Ruston. He received his BS in mechanical engineering from Louisiana Tech University, his MS and PhD in mechanical engineering from The Ohio State University in Columbus. He is the author of three other college-level textbooks: Cryogenic Systems, Industrial Noise Control, and Design for Thermal Stresses. Dr. Barron has served on the Cryogenic Engineering Conference Board and the editorial board of Cold Facts (Cryogenic Society of America). He is also a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Gregory F. Nellis is professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. He received his MS and PhD at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and is a member of the Cryogenic Society of America (CSA) and the American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Professor Nellis is the coauthor of two other college textbooks: Heat Transfer and Thermodynamics. He is a fellow of ASHRAE and received the Boom Award for excellence in cryogenic research.

Reviews

"This is the best all-around heat transfer book I have seen as well as one that uniquely covers all areas important to cryogenics. The book has a very strong theoretical background behind the derivation of important heat transfer equations. It is well organized and easy to follow. The book contains many tables and graphs of material properties at cryogenic temperatures, which along with all of the analytical equations make this book an exceptionally useful reference work for students and experts alike. All researchers in cryogenics should have this book on their shelves."
—Ray Radebaugh, National Institute of Standards and Technology (retired)