This volume explores ethnicity and gender developments in relation to the military.
In some countries, the armed forces have a long history in responding to ethnic diversity, while elsewhere it has come up only recently as a policy issue. An even-handed representation of ethnic minorities in the military is recognized as crucial for enhancing its social legitimacy and professional quality. The same can be said about the integration of women in the military, which during a few decades across the board has grown into more than just another issue of personnel policies. Indeed with regard to gender, the symbolism and sensitivities surrounding core identities are at stake – as with the presence of gays and lesbians in the military.
Written by experts in the field, the chapters cover fourteen countries around the world: the USA, Canada, Bolivia, Ecuador, Brazil, South-Africa, Eritrea, India, Israel, Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium and The Netherlands. Taken together, the armed forces of these countries offer a fascinating mix of similarities and differences in the ways they try to manage cultural diversity.
Cultural Diversity in the Armed Forces will be of interest to students and scholars of military studies, sociology, gender and political science.
Preface 1. Cultural diversity in the armed forces: an introduction Jan van der Meulen and Joseph Soeters 2. Diversity in the Armed Forces of the United States Charles Moskos 3. Diversity in the Canadian Forces Donna Winslow, Phyllis Browne, Angela Febbraro 4. Indigenous Integration in the Bolivian and Ecuadorian Armed Forces Brian Selmeski 5. Diversity in the Brazilian Armed Forces Celso Castro 6. Diversity in the South-African Armed Forces Lindy Heinecken 7. Diversity in the Eritrean Armed Forces Mussie Teclemichael Tessema 8. Diversity in the Indian Armed Forces Leena Parmar 9. Diversity in the Isareli Armed Forces Edna Lomsky-Feder and Eyal Ben-Ari 10. Ethnic Diversity in the British Armed Forces Christopher Dandeker and David Mason 11. Diversity in the French Armed Forces Bernard Boene and Claude Weber 12. Diversity in the German Armed Forces Heiko Biehl, Paul Klein, Gerhard Kümmel 13. Diversity in the Belgian Armed Forces Philippe Manigart 14. Diversity in the Dutch Armed Forces Rudy Richardson, Jolanda Bosch, René Moelker List of Contributors Index