1st Edition

Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non-Destructive Testing and Micro-Analysis

Edited By Rene van Grieken, Koen Janssens Copyright 2005

    This book mostly contains contributions by the invited lecturers at the 7th International Conference on Non-Destructive Testing and Micro-Analysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage. The contributors have all been chosen for their individual reputations and the quality of their research, but also because they represent a field deemed highly important. Hence, this book give balanced coverage of the areas that are most relevant in non-destructive testing and micro-analysis in the realm of cultural heritage.

    The analysis methods provide the clinical composition of cultural artifacts to elucidate their provenance, the rate of alteration as a result of exposure to the environment and the effectiveness of conservation and restoration strategies. The techniques are partially or fully non-destructive, are portable, or allow study of different parts of a heterogeneous work of art.


    • Quantitative analysis of ancient metal artefacts by means of portable energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometers: a critival review
    • Effects of the cultural environment
    • Non-destructive testing by the Rp method of bronze monuments: three case studies
    • A study of artists' materials based on Raman spectroscopy and total-reflection x-ray fluorescence analysis (TXRF)
    • Microfocus x-ray computed tomography (mCT) for archaeological glasses
    • How diagnostic technologies contribute to the interpretation of the Byzantine icons
    • NDT and planning on historic buildings and complexes for the protection of cultural heritage
    • Modern and ancient glass in the polluted atmosphere. What is the prevailing phenomenon? Leaching, corrosion, soling, encrusting ...?
    • Non-destructive ion beam techniques for the depth profiling of elements in Amerindian gold jewellery artefacts
    • Investigation of a novel conservation precedure for historical documents
    • Can x-ray computed tomography contribute to cultural heritage and stone conservation through the non-destructive monitoring of deterioration and restoration processes>
    • Microclimate measurements in the Cour Marly, Louvre Museum
    • Innovative techniques for the characterisation of the encrustation on Pentelic marble from the Parthenon
    • New insights on the chemical nature of stone yellowing produced after laser cleaning
    • Dyes and pigments: ten open questions for conservative science
    • Analysis of paint layers by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and synchrotron induced x-ray micro-diffraction
    • From Giotto to De Chirico: analysis of paintings with portable EDXRF equipment
    • Corrosion of bronze in outdoor environments
    • Endangered glass objects indentified by ion beam analysis
    • Trace elements fingerprinting using accelerators and ICP-MS: circulation of gold from the 6th century BC to the 12th century AD
    • Assessment of air pollutant levels in some European museums and churches
    • A survey of the recent use of x-ray beam methods for non-destructive investigations in the cultural heritage sector

    Author index



    René Van Grieken obtained his PhD degree in Chemistry from the University of Ghent, Belgium, in 1971. He became Professor of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry at the University of Antwerp in 1974, and was nominated Full Professor in 1984. In 1980, he was a co-founder, and has since then been a co-director, of MiTAC, the Micro- and Trace Analysis Centre of the University of Antwerp, which employs some 80 researchers in fundamental analytical chemistry and its environmental, material science and cultural heritage applications. He has published some 650 articles and a dozen books in these various fields.

    Koen Janssens studied chemistry at the University of Antwerp and obtained a PhD in Analytical Chemistry in 1989 from this institution. In 1990, he became a staff member of MiTAC, first as a research associate and later as research director of the National Fund for Scientific Research, Brussels, Belgium. Since October 2000, he is Professor of Analytical Chemistry at the University of Antwerp, with teaching duties in radiochemistry and instrumental analytical chemistry. His research interests are centered on the use of X-ray microbeams for non-destructive microanalysis of various natures.