Culturally Specific Pedagogy in the Mathematics Classroom: Strategies for Teachers and Students, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Culturally Specific Pedagogy in the Mathematics Classroom

Strategies for Teachers and Students, 2nd Edition

By Jacqueline Leonard

Routledge

282 pages | 24 B/W Illus.

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Description

Advocating for the use of culturally specific pedagogy to enhance the mathematics instruction of diverse students, this revised second edition offers a wide variety of conceptual and curricular resources for teaching mathematics in a way that combats and confronts the forms of oppression that students face today. Addressing stratification based on race, class, and gender, Leonard offers lesson templates that teachers can use with ethnically and culturally diverse students and makes the link between research and practice. Connecting cutting-edge and emerging technologies to culturally specific pedagogy, the second edition features new chapters on mathematics and social justice, robotics, and spatial visualization. Applying a more expansive focus, the new edition discusses current movements such as Black Lives Matter and incorporates examples of rural and tribal students to paint a broader picture of what culturally rich mathematics classrooms actually look like. The text builds on sociocultural theory and research on culture and mathematics cognition to extend the literature and better understand minority students’ goals and learning needs. Including new discussion questions and new examples, lessons, and vignettes of integrating culture in the mathematics classroom, this book employs pedagogical research to field-test new instructional methods for culturally diverse and female students.

Reviews

"Many teachers are aware that they do not adequately address the needs of culturally and linguistically diverse students in their mathematics classrooms but are unaware of how to start correcting this issue. This book provides an excellent entry point for mathematics teachers to consider how culture and pedagogy intersect the concrete research-based examples."

--Erika Bullock, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

This new edition will certainly be welcomed by those mathematics educators, mathematics teachers, and teachers of mathematics who seek new ways of reaching students in their classrooms. Leonard’s concept of culturally specific pedagogy is based on the foundations of Critical Race Theory and Black Feminist Thought… A main tenet is that all students should know that mathematics is a part their history."

--From the Foreword by Martin L. Johnson, University of Maryland, USA

"In this updated and expanded edition, Leonard not only strengthens her argument for inextricably linking mathematics and mathematics teaching and learning to culture but also connects culturally specific mathematics to some of the most ‘talked about’ issues of the day. I am confident that this updated and expanded edition will become an invaluable resource for those mathematics educators who possess the will to ensure that every child has access to meaningful culturally specific learning experiences in mathematics classrooms."

--David W. Stinson, Georgia State University, USA, and Editor of the Journal of Urban Mathematics Education

"This book provides pedagogical and theoretical frameworks that respond to traditional mathematics teaching practices by empowering teachers and learners to see the multiple purposes for learning mathematics, helping learners appreciate why mathematics is important in their lives, and allowing teachers to see that their practices are highly correlated with students’ understanding the relevance of mathematics to their lives. "

--Robert Berry, University of Virginia, USA

Table of Contents

FOREWORD

PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

CHAPTER 1: CULTURE, IDENTITY, AND MATHEMATICS

ACHIEVEMENT

Introduction

Theoretical Framework

Critical Race Theory

Black Feminist Thought

Culturally Specific Pedagogy

Prior Research on Culturally-Based Education

Early Culturally-Based Studies

Teachers’ Beliefs About Culture and Learning Mathematics

Mathematics Identity and Mathematics Socialization

Chapter One Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 2: COGNITION AND CULTURAL PEDAGOGY

Culture, Cultural Transmission, and Cultural Capital

Theories about Cognition and Culture

Cognitive Theory

The Saxe Model of Cognition

Children’s Cognition and Learning in Mathematics

Culture and Children’s Mathematical Reasoning

Reform-based Mathematics Education and Opportunities to Learn

Summary

Chapter Two Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 3: CULTURAL PEDAGOGY

The Need for Cultural Pedagogy

Studies on Verve and Communal Learning

Types on Cultural Pedagogy

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy Culturally Relevant Pedagogy

Culturally Congruent Instruction

Culturally Responsive Teaching

Culturally Specific Pedagogy

Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy

Culturally Responsive Instruction

Funds of Knowledge

Summary

Chapter Three Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 4: COMPUTATIONAL THINKING, COMPUTER SCAFFOLDING, AND GAME DESIGN

Computational Thinking

Simulations and Game Design

Microworlds EX

Scratch

Scalable Game Design

Teaching with Emerging Technology

Learning for Use

Universal Learning Design

The ITEST Study

The Purpose of the Study

Participants and Setting

Methodology

Instrumentation

Year 1 Highlights

Year 2 Highlights

Year 3 Highlights

From Research to Practice

Summary

Chapter Four Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 5: ROBOTICS, SPATIAL ABILITY, AND COMPUTATIONAL THINKING

Spatial Abilities

Computational Thinking and Learning Progression

Cultural Brokering

Theoretical Framework

The Study Context

Research Questions

Participants and Setting

Methodology

Data Sources

Instrumentation

Results

Spatial Orientation

Spatial Reasoning, Computational Thinking, and Cultural Brokering

Teacher Reflections on Robotics Lessons

Limitations

Summary

Chapter Five Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 6: WOMEN IN AVIATION AND SPACE: THE

IMPORTANCE OF GENDER ROLE MODELS IN MATHEMATICS

AND SCIENCE EDUCATION

Gender Equity in Mathematics and Science

Gender and Academic Achievement in Mathematics

Gender and Teacher Preparation

Single-Sex Education

The Bessie Coleman Project

Using Zoom Earth and Photoshop

Flight Simulation

Computer Modeling

Space Links: Integrating Space Science and Mathematics

Methodology

Participants and Setting

Results

Discussion

Implications

Chapter Six Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 7: LEARNING MATHEMATICS FOR

EMPOWERMENT IN LINGUISTICALLY AND CULTURALLY

DIVERSE CLASSROOMS

Language Diversity and Professional Development

Teacher Expectations

Understanding Language Acquisition

Developing Additive Perspectives Fostering Language Literacy in the Mathematics Classroom

Teaching Mathematics for Cultural Relevance and Social Justice

Reflections on Classroom Practices

Culture in the Mathematics Classroom Project

Summary

Chapter Seven Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 8: BLACK LIVES MATTER: A CONTEXT FOR TEACHING MATHEMATICS FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE

The Educational Debt

Voting Rights

Black Lives Matter

Racial Profiling

"I Can’t Breathe!"

Flint Water Crisis

Housing Inequality

Black Firsts in Science and Mathematics

St. Elmo Brady

Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes

Bessie Blount

Ed Dwight

Jessie Eugene Russell

Aprille Ericsson-Jackson

Summary

Chapter Eight Discussion Questions

CHAPTER 9: RACE AND ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS: A HISTORICAL PRESPECTIVE

The Clinton 12

Resegregation

Perspectives on the Achievement Gap

Mathematics Socialization and Identity among African-American

Students

Links to Everyday Mathematics

Conclusions and Recommendations

Chapter Nine Discussion Questions

APPENDIX A: Computational Thinking Rubric

APPENDIX B: Dance Scratch Party

APPENDIX C: Knex Data Collection Sheet

APPENDIX D: Sculptris Bison Tutorial

REFERENCES

 

About the Author

Jacqueline Leonard is a professor of mathematics education and former director of the Science and Mathematics Teaching Center (2012–2016) at the University of Wyoming, USA.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
EDU000000
EDUCATION / General
EDU020000
EDUCATION / Multicultural Education
EDU029010
EDUCATION / Teaching Methods & Materials / Mathematics
MAT030000
MATHEMATICS / Study & Teaching