This bookexplores the fascinating and complex interactions between the ways that culture and education operate within and across societies. In some cases, education is imagined as an integrated part of general cultural phenomena; in others, educational interventions become the means for transforming the cultural circumstances of different populations. The contributors to this volume show how certain educational practices produce new cultural and professional knowledge; discuss the impacts of initially foreign educational ideas and institutions on established cultural institutions in very different societies; and explore the impacts of modernity and modern educational ideas on more traditional gendered and religious practices and communities.
The book also provided striking examples of when these impacts were not benign. Increasingly powerful twentieth-century governments attempted to use education and schools to produce new, reformed citizens suitable for their newly created colonial, national, socialist, and fascist states. The expectation was that cultural and social transformation might be engineered, in major part, through schooling.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Paedagogica Historica.
Introduction – Culture and education: looking back to culture through education Filiz Meşeci Giorgetti, Craig Campbell and Ali Arslan
1. A culture of knowledge production: testing and observation of Dutch children with learning and behavioural problems (1949–1985) Nelleke Bakker
2. A new educational model and the crisis of modern terminologies: a view of Egypt in the nineteenth century Kinda alSamara
3. The cult of order: in search of underlying patterns of the colonial and neo-colonial ‘‘grammar of educationalisation’’ in the Belgian Congo. Exported school rituals and routines? Sarah Van Ruyskensvelde, Karen Hulstaert and Marc Depaepe
4. Creating an educational home: mothering for schooling in the Australian Women’s Weekly, 1943–1960 Helen Proctor and Heather Weaver
5. A case study of women instructors and their education in the reign of Abdulhamid II Meryem Karabekmez
6. Useful citizens, useful citizenship: cultural contexts of Sámi education in early twentieth-century Norway, Sweden, and Finland Otso Kortekangas
7. Whose children are they? A transnational minority religious sect and schools as sites of conflict in Canada, 1890–1922 Robyn Sneath
8. The foundation of the Turkish National Student Union and the attendance of the International Student Union at the Second Warsaw Congress Betül Batir
9. Heroism and Volksgemeinschaft (ethnic community) in National Socialist education 1933–1945 Carsten Heinze and Kristin Straube-Heinze
10. National unity in cultural diversity: how national and linguistic identities affected Swiss language curricula (1914–1961) Anja Giudici and Sandra Grizelj
11. Household bibis, pious learning and racial cure: changing feminine identities in colonial India, 1780–1925 Tim Allender
12. The student in the Polish socialist secondary school (1945–1989): a cultural context Justyna Gulczynska