This volume contains the ten most cited articles that have appeared in the journal Atmosphere-Ocean since 1995. These articles cover a wide range of topics in meteorology, climatology and oceanography. Modelling work is represented in five papers, covering global climate model development; a cumulus parameterization scheme for global climate models; development of a regional forecast modelling system and parameterization of peatland hydraulic processes for climate models. Data rehabilitation and compilation in order to support trend analysis work on comprehensive precipitation and temperature data sets is presented in four papers. Field studies are represented by a paper on the circumpolar lead system. While the modelling studies are global in their application and applicability, the data analysis and field study papers cover environments that are specifically, but not uniquely, Canadian. This book will be of interest to researchers, students and professionals in the various sub-fields of meteorology, oceanography and climate science.
Foreword David Grimes 1. Introduction Douw Steyn, Guoqi Han and Hai Lin 2. The International Polar Year (IPV) Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) System Study: Overview and the Physical System D.G. Barber, M.G. Asplin, Y. Gratton, J. V. Lukovich, R. J. Galley, R. L. Raddatz and D. Leitch 3. Rehabilitation and analysis of Canadian daily precipitation time series Eva Mekis and William D. Hogg 4. Temperature and precipitation trends in Canada during the 20th century Xuebin Zhang, Lucie A. Vincent, W.D. Hogg and Ain Niitsoo 5. Changes in daily and extreme temperature and precipitation indices for Canada over the twentieth century Lucie A. Vincent and Éva Mekis 6. An Overview of the Second Generation Adjusted Daily Precipitation Dataset for Trend Analysis in Canada Éva Mekis and Lucie A. Vincent 7. Parametrization of peatland hydraulic properties for the Canadian Land Surface Scheme Matthew G. Letts, Nigel T. Roulet, Neil T. Comer, Michael R. Skarupa and Diana L. Verseghy 8. The 15-km version of the Canadian regional forecast system Jocelyn Mailhot, Stephane Bélair, Louis Lefaivre, Bernard Bilodeau, Michel Desgagné, Claude Girard, Anna Glazer, Anne‐Marie Leduc, André Méthot, Alain Patoine, André Plante, Alan Rahill, Tom Robinson, Donald Talbot, André Tremblay, Paul Vaillancourt, Ayrton Zadra and Abdessamad Qaddouri 9. The Canadian Fourth Generation Atmospheric Global Climate Model (CanAM4). Part I: Representation of Physical Processes Knut von Salzen, John F. Scinocca, Norman A. McFarlane, Jiangnan Li, Jason N. S. Cole, David Plummer, Diana Verseghy, M. Cathy Reader, Xiaoyan Ma, Michael Lazare and Larry Solheim 10. Sensitivity of Climate Simulations to the Parameterization of Cumulus Convection in the Canadian Climate Center General-Circulation Model G.J. Zhang and Norman A. McFarlane 11. The UVic Earth System Climate Model: Model description, climatology, and applications to past, present and future climates Andrew J. Weaver, Michael Eby, Edward C. Wiebe, Cecilia M. Bitz, Phil B. Duffy, Tracy L. Ewen, Augustus F. Fanning, Marika M. Holland, Amy MacFadyen, H. Damon Matthews, Katrin J. Meissner, Oleg Saenko, Andreas Schmittner, Huaxiao Wang and Masakazu Yoshimori