Many Smart Grid books include "privacy" in their title, but only touch on privacy, with most of the discussion focusing on cybersecurity. Filling this knowledge gap, Data Privacy for the Smart Grid provides a clear description of the Smart Grid ecosystem, presents practical guidance about its privacy risks, and details the actions required to protect data generated by Smart Grid technologies. It addresses privacy in electric, natural gas, and water grids and supplies two different perspectives of the topic—one from a Smart Grid expert and another from a privacy and information security expert.
The authors have extensive experience with utilities and leading the U.S. government’s National Institute of Standards and Technologies (NIST) Cyber Security Working Group (CSWG)/Smart Grid Interoperability Group (SGIP) Privacy Subgroup. This comprehensive book is understandable for all those involved in the Smart Grid. The authors detail the facts about Smart Grid privacy so readers can separate truth from myth about Smart Grid privacy.
While considering privacy in the Smart Grid, the book also examines the data created by Smart Grid technologies and machine-to-machine (M2M) applications and associated legal issues.
The text details guidelines based on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Privacy Guidelines and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission Fair Information Practices. It includes privacy training recommendations and references to additional Smart Grid privacy resources.
After reading the book, readers will be prepared to develop informed opinions, establish fact-based decisions, make meaningful contributions to Smart Grid legislation and policies, and to build technologies to preserve and protect privacy. Policy makers; Smart Grid and M2M product and service developers; utility customer and privacy resources; and other service providers and resources are primary beneficiaries of the information provided in Data Privacy for the Smart Grid. However, everyone interested in Smart Grid privacy implications will derive great value from this book.
The Smart Grid and Privacy
What Is the Smart Grid?
Changes from Traditional Energy Delivery
Smart Grid Possibilities
Business Model Transformations
Emerging Privacy Risks
The Need for Privacy Policies
Privacy Laws, Regulations, and Standards
New Privacy Challenges
What Is the Smart Grid?
Market and Regulatory Overview
Traditional Electricity Business Sector
The Electricity Open Market
Classifications of Utilities
Electricity Technology Overview
Electricity Supply Chain Vulnerabilities
The Smart Grid
Market Changes in the Smart Grid
Other Relevant Market Changes
Buildings as Prosumers
Automated Demand Response and the OpenADR Initiative
The Future Smart Grid
Data Volumes within the Smart Grid
Data Owners, Data Custodians, and Data Managers
Smart Grid Privacy Risk Examples
Smart Grid, Smart Infrastructure
Key Points for Smart Grid Technologies
What Is Privacy?
What Is Privacy?
Categories of Privacy
What’s the Difference between Security and Privacy?
Smart Data Privacy Implications
Data Communications Privacy Concerns
Smart Meter Data and Privacy
Smart Meters Overview
Smart Meter Communications Capabilities
Smart Meter Data Read Frequency
Smart Meter Data Granularity
Energy Savings Initiatives
Green Button Initiative
Green Button Connect
Smart Meter Data Summary
The Connected Home
Home Area Networks
Home Energy Management Systems
HEMS Communications with the Smart Grid
HANs Do Not Need Smart Meters
HANs as Communications Gateway Devices
Privacy Risks within Rentals and Other Leased Spaces
Employee Privacy Risks within Commercial Buildings and Industrial Sites
Connecting Home Appliances
Electric Vehicles, Charging Stations, and Privacy
Publicly Owned Charging
Utility-Supplied Network Charging
Other Privacy Implications with EVs
Mitigating Privacy Risks
Basic Risk Mitigation Strategies
Smart Grid Privacy Risks
Energy Usage Data Privacy Risks
Energy Production Data Privacy Risks
Privacy Risk Mitigation Methods
How to Take Charge of Your Privacy
Roles and Responsibilities
Privacy Possibilities and Responsibilities for the Data Subject
Data Subject Privacy Use Case Example
Information Security Controls to Support Privacy Protection
Privacy Responsibilities for the Data Controller/Data
Custodian and the Data Processor/Data Manager
Other Helpful Privacy and Information Security Resources
Addressing Common Privacy Claims
Beyond the Smart Grid: The Monetization of Data
Appendix A: Smart Grid Categories and Associated Privacy Risks
Appendix B: Example of One State’s Actions for Smart Grid Privacy