Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality : A Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States book cover
8th Edition

Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality
A Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States

ISBN 9781138119390
Published March 4, 2016 by Routledge
192 Pages

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Book Description

Joel Spring’s history of school polices imposed on dominated groups in the United States examines the concept of deculturalization—the use of schools to strip away family languages and cultures and replace them with those of the dominant group. The focus is on the education of dominated groups forced to become citizens in territories conquered by the U.S., including Native Americans, Enslaved Africans, Chinese, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Hawaiians.

In 7 concise, thought-provoking chapters, this analysis and documentation of how education is used to change or eliminate linguistic and cultural traditions in the U.S. looks at the educational, legal, and social construction of race and racism in the United States, emphasizing the various meanings of "equality" that have existed from colonial America to the present. Providing a broader perspective for understanding the denial of cultural and linguistic rights in the United States, issues of language, culture, and deculturalization are placed in a global context.

The major change in the 8th Edition is a new chapter, "Global Corporate Culture and Separate But Equal," describing how current efforts at deculturalization involve replacing family and personal cultures with a corporate culture to increase worker efficiency. Substantive updates and revisions are made throughout all other chapters

Table of Contents


1 Deculturalization and the Claim of Racial and Cultural Superiority by Anglo-Americans

Culture and Race as Central Issues in U.S. History and Education

Globalization: The Meaning of "Uncivilized" and "Pagan"

Anglo-Saxon Concepts of Cultural and Religious Superiority

Race, Racism, and Citizenship

The Meaning of Equality

Globalization and Culture: Cultural Genocide,

Deculturalization, Assimilation, Cultural Pluralism,

Denial of Education, and Hybridization

Deculturalization and Democratic Thought

The Naturalization Act of 1790 and What It Means to Be White

Education and Creation of an Anglo-American Culture

Educational and Cultural Differences

Early Native American Educational Programs

Schooling and the Colonization of the "Five Civilized Tribes"


2 Native Americans: Deculturalization, Schooling, Globalization, and Inequality

Citizenship in the New Republic

Thomas L. McKenney: The Cultural Power of Schooling

The Missionary Educators

Language and Native American Cultures

Indian Removal and Civilization Programs

Native Americans: Reservations and Boarding Schools

The Meriam Report


3 African Americans: Globalization and the African Diaspora

Cultural Transformation and the Forced Migration of Enslaved Africans

Atlantic Creoles

Slavery and Cultural Change in the North

Freedom in Northern States

Educational Segregation

Boston and the Struggle for Equal Educational Opportunity

Plantation Society

Learning to Read

Citizenship for African Americans

Fourteenth Amendment: Citizenship and Education

The Great Crusade for Literacy

Resisting Segregation

The Second Crusade


4 Asian Americans: Exclusion and Segregation

Globalization and Diaspora: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Indian

Asian Diaspora to the United States


Education: From Coolie to Model Minority and Gook

Educating the Coolie, Deviant, and Yellow Peril


5 Hispanic/Latino Americans: Exclusion and Segregation

What’s in a Name?

Issues Regarding Mexican American Citizenship

Issues Regarding Puerto Rican Citizenship

Mexican American Educational Issues

Puerto Rican American Educational Issues

Summary List of Americanization Policies in Public Schools in Puerto Rico

Methods of Deculturalization and Americanization

Methods of Deculturization


6 The Great Civil Rights Movement and the

New Culture Wars

Globalization: The Great Civil Rights Movement and

Wars of Liberation

Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960): Article 1

School Desegregation

Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.

Native Americans

Indian Education: A National Tragedy

Asian Americans: Educating the "Model Minority"

Asian Americans: Language and the Continued Struggle for

Equal Educational Opportunity

Hispanic/Latino Americans

Bilingual Education: The Culture Wars Continued

Multicultural Education, Immigration, and the Culture Wars

Conclusion: Human and Educational Rights

7 Resegregation of American Schools in a "Post-Racial" Society

The Meaning of Equality in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

A New Meaning for Equality: From Opportunity to Learn Standards to No Child Left Behind

What’s Missing in No Child Left Behind?

What’s Left After No Child Left Behind?

Segregation of Low-Income Students

Income and Racial Segregation of Low-Achieving Students

What are the Consequences of Segregation of Low-Achieving Students?

Resegregation in a Post-Racial Society

Changing Concepts of Race

Government Use of Racial Categories

Patterns of Adjustment of New Immigrants

Conclusion: The Meaning of Equality

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Joel Spring is a Professor at Queens College/City University of New York and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, USA.