Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality
A Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States
Joel Spring’s history of school polices imposed on dominated groups in the United States examines the concept of deculturalization—the use of schools to strip away family languages and cultures and replace them with those of the dominant group. The focus is on the education of dominated groups forced to become citizens in territories conquered by the U.S., including Native Americans, Enslaved Africans, Chinese, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Hawaiians.
In 7 concise, thought-provoking chapters, this analysis and documentation of how education is used to change or eliminate linguistic and cultural traditions in the U.S. looks at the educational, legal, and social construction of race and racism in the United States, emphasizing the various meanings of "equality" that have existed from colonial America to the present. Providing a broader perspective for understanding the denial of cultural and linguistic rights in the United States, issues of language, culture, and deculturalization are placed in a global context.
The major change in the 8th Edition is a new chapter, "Global Corporate Culture and Separate But Equal," describing how current efforts at deculturalization involve replacing family and personal cultures with a corporate culture to increase worker efficiency. Substantive updates and revisions are made throughout all other chapters
Table of Contents
1 Deculturalization and the Claim of Racial and Cultural Superiority by Anglo-Americans
Culture and Race as Central Issues in U.S. History and Education
Globalization: The Meaning of "Uncivilized" and "Pagan"
Anglo-Saxon Concepts of Cultural and Religious Superiority
Race, Racism, and Citizenship
The Meaning of Equality
Globalization and Culture: Cultural Genocide,
Deculturalization, Assimilation, Cultural Pluralism,
Denial of Education, and Hybridization
Deculturalization and Democratic Thought
The Naturalization Act of 1790 and What It Means to Be White
Education and Creation of an Anglo-American Culture
Educational and Cultural Differences
Early Native American Educational Programs
Schooling and the Colonization of the "Five Civilized Tribes"
2 Native Americans: Deculturalization, Schooling, Globalization, and Inequality
Citizenship in the New Republic
Thomas L. McKenney: The Cultural Power of Schooling
The Missionary Educators
Language and Native American Cultures
Indian Removal and Civilization Programs
Native Americans: Reservations and Boarding Schools
The Meriam Report
3 African Americans: Globalization and the African Diaspora
Cultural Transformation and the Forced Migration of Enslaved Africans
Slavery and Cultural Change in the North
Freedom in Northern States
Boston and the Struggle for Equal Educational Opportunity
Learning to Read
Citizenship for African Americans
Fourteenth Amendment: Citizenship and Education
The Great Crusade for Literacy
The Second Crusade
4 Asian Americans: Exclusion and Segregation
Globalization and Diaspora: Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Indian
Asian Diaspora to the United States
Education: From Coolie to Model Minority and Gook
Educating the Coolie, Deviant, and Yellow Peril
5 Hispanic/Latino Americans: Exclusion and Segregation
What’s in a Name?
Issues Regarding Mexican American Citizenship
Issues Regarding Puerto Rican Citizenship
Mexican American Educational Issues
Puerto Rican American Educational Issues
Summary List of Americanization Policies in Public Schools in Puerto Rico
Methods of Deculturalization and Americanization
Methods of Deculturization
6 The Great Civil Rights Movement and the
New Culture Wars
Globalization: The Great Civil Rights Movement and
Wars of Liberation
Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960): Article 1
Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr.
Indian Education: A National Tragedy
Asian Americans: Educating the "Model Minority"
Asian Americans: Language and the Continued Struggle for
Equal Educational Opportunity
Bilingual Education: The Culture Wars Continued
Multicultural Education, Immigration, and the Culture Wars
Conclusion: Human and Educational Rights
7 Resegregation of American Schools in a "Post-Racial" Society
The Meaning of Equality in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
A New Meaning for Equality: From Opportunity to Learn Standards to No Child Left Behind
What’s Missing in No Child Left Behind?
What’s Left After No Child Left Behind?
Segregation of Low-Income Students
Income and Racial Segregation of Low-Achieving Students
What are the Consequences of Segregation of Low-Achieving Students?
Resegregation in a Post-Racial Society
Changing Concepts of Race
Government Use of Racial Categories
Patterns of Adjustment of New Immigrants
Conclusion: The Meaning of Equality
Joel Spring is a Professor at Queens College/City University of New York and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, USA.