1st Edition

Defence Industries in the 21st Century A Comparative Analysis

    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    240 Pages
    by Routledge

    Defence Industries in the 21st Century explores the transformation in the global defence industrial production through examining the interaction between international and domestic factors.

    With the global defence industry and arms market likely continue to expand and mature, the ways in which this progression could influence international politics remain obscure. In practice, as the contents of this book show, the defence industrial bases and arms export policies of emerging states display significant variance. This variance is the result of a unique balance between domestic and international factors that has shaped the defence industrialisation behaviour and policies of the less industrialised states. One of the most important conclusions of the book is that the interplay between domestic and international factors clearly influences the variation in the emerging states’ defence industrialisation policies, as well as their success or failure. While international factors create opportunities, they also limit the options available to emerging economies. Domestic factors also play an important role by shaping the policy choices of the states’ decision makers.

    Exploring the balance between international and domestic factors and the ways in which they influence defence industrialisation in emerging states, Defence Industries in the 21st Century will be of great interest to scholars of Defence Industries, Arms Manufacturing, and Defence, Strategic and Security Studies more generally. The chapters were originally published in Defence Studies, Comparative Strategy and All Azimuth.


    Çağlar Kurç, Richard A. Bitzinger and Stephanie G. Neuman

    1. The value of domestic arms industries: security of supply or military adaptation?

    Marc R. DeVore

    2. Israel’s defence industries – an overview

    Uzi Rubin

    3. Between defense autarky and dependency: the dynamics of Turkish defense industrialization

    Çağlar Kurç

    4. Turkish defense industry facing major challenges

    Arda Mevlutoglu

    5. The Arab Gulf defense pivot: Defense industrial policy in a changing geostrategic context

    Heiko Borchert

    6. Egypt’s defense industry: dependency, civilian production, and attempts at autonomy

    Zeinab Abul-Magd

    7. Asian arms industries and impact on military capabilities

    Richard A. Bitzinger

    8. State vs. market in India: How (not) to integrate foreign contractors in the domestic defense-industrial sector

    Moritz Weiss

    9. Does being part of a semi-regionalized European defense economy change state behavior in armaments policy decision-making?

    Jocelyn Mawdsley

    10. Defense industrialization in small countries: Policies in Czechia and Slovakia

    Martin Chovancik

    11. Brazil’s defense industry: Challenges and opportunities

    Raul Gouvea

    12. Defense industrialization in Latin America

    Patrice M. Franko and Monica Herz

    13. The puzzle: Multi-vector foreign policy and defense industrialization in Central Asia

    Çağlar Kurç


    Çağlar Kurç, Richard A. Bitzinger and Stephanie G. Neuman


    Çağlar Kurç is an Adjunct Lecturer at Department of International Relations at I.D. Bilkent University. He was a Fulbright Fellow at the MIT Security Studies Program, and visiting post-doctoral scholar at the Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at the Columbia University. His work focuses on defense industrialization in the emerging powers.

    Richard A. Bitzinger is a Visiting Senior Fellow with the Military Transformations Program at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, where his work focuses on security and defense issues relating to the Asia-Pacific region, including military modernization and force transformation, regional defense industries and local armaments production, and weapons proliferation.

    Stephanie G. Neuman is the Director of the Comparative Defense Studies Program and a Senior Research Scholar at the Arnold A. Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies at Columbia University. Neuman has participated in study groups on the defense industry and arms control for both the Council on Foreign Relations and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.