Degrowth and Tourism
New Perspectives on Tourism Entrepreneurship, Destinations and Policy
The sustainability of tourism is increasingly under question given the challenges of overtourism, COVID-19 and the contribution of tourism to climate and environmental change. Degrowth and Tourism provides an original response to the central problem of growth in tourism, an imperative that has been intrinsic within tourism practice, and directs the reader to rethink the impacts of tourism and possible alternatives beyond the sustainable growth discourse.
Using a multi-scaled approach to investigate degrowth’s macro effects and micro indications in tourism, this book frames degrowth in tourism in terms of business, destination and policy initiatives. It uses a combination of empirical research, case studies and theory to offer new perspectives and approaches to analyse issues related to overtourism, COVID-19, small-scale tourism operations and entrepreneurship, mobility and climate change in tourism. Interdisciplinary chapters provide studies on animal-based tourism, nature-based tourism, domestic tourism, developing community-centric tourism and many other areas, within the paradigm of degrowth.
This book offers significant insight on both the implications of degrowth paradigm in tourism studies and practices, as well as tourism’s potential contributions to the degrowth paradigm, and will be essential reading for all those interested in sustainable tourism and transformations through tourism.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction: Degrowth and tourism: implications and challenges
Linda Lundmark, Jundan Jasmine Zhang and C. Michael Hall
Part 1 Degrowth and Tourism Entrepreneurship
2 Decommodification as a socially embedded practice: The example of lifestyle enterprise in animal-based tourism
Erika Andersson Cederholm and Carina Sjöholm
3 Lifestyle entrepreneurs as agents of degrowth: The case of nature-based tourism businesses in Scandinavia
Lusine Margaryan, Peter Fredman, and Stian Stensland
4 Mobility transitions and rural restructuring in Sweden: a database study of holistic simplifiers
Marco Eimermann, Urban Lindgren, Linda Lundmark and Jundan Jasmine Zhang
Part 2 Degrowth and Tourism Destinations
5 Diverse tourism: A poststructural view on tourism destination degrowth transition
6 Global importance, local problems: Degrowth in Italian World Heritage destinations
Alberto Amore and Bailey Ashton Adie
7 Opportunities and barriers for degrowth in remote tourism destinations: overcoming regional inequalities?
Doris A. Carson and Dean B. Carson
8 Degrowth as a strategy for adjusting to the adverse impacts of climate change in a nature-based destination
Bruce Prideaux and Anja Pabel
Part 3 Degrowth and Tourism Policy
9 Sustainable growth in tourism? Rethinking and resetting sustainable tourism for development
10 Rethinking tourism: degrowth and equity rights in developing community-centric tourism
Karla A. Boluk, Chris Krolikowski, Freya Higgins-Desbiolles, Sandro Carnicelli and Gayathri Wijesinghe
11 Community-based tourism and degrowth
12 Don’t leave town till you’ve seen the country: Domestic tourism as a degrowth strategy
Paul W. Ballantine
13 Degrowing Tourism: Can Grassroots Form the Norm?
O. Cenk Demiroglu and Ethemcan Turhan
14 COVID-19 pandemic, tourism and degrowth
C. Michael Hall and Siamak Seyfi
15 Conclusions – Degrowing tourism: Can tourism move beyond BAU (Brundtland-as-Usual)?
C. Michael Hall, Linda Lundmark and Jundan Jasmine Zhang
C. Michael Hall is a Professor at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand; Docent in Geography, University of Oulu, Finland; Visiting Professor in Tourism at Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; and a Guest Professor in the Department of Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, Helsingborg, Sweden. He has written widely on tourism, regional development, heritage, food and global environmental change.
Linda Lundmark is an Associate Professor at the Department of Geography at Umeå University, Sweden. Her research interests among others are tourism, mobility, climate change and natural resources as part of contemporary and future development prospects in rural and sparsely populated areas in the far North. She is currently the chair of the Centre of Regional Science scientific advisory board and has received funding for several large research projects from Swedish research councils. She is also part of several research networks on tourism and tourism in polar areas.
Jundan Jasmine Zhang is a Postdoc at the Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. She has a PhD in Tourism from University of Otago, New Zealand. Her main research interest lies in understanding the relationships between human and 'nature' in the context of global tourism. Jasmine has published in journals such as Annals of Tourism Research, Journal of Sustainable Tourism and Tourism Geographies, on subjects ranging from political ecology of tourism to tourism methodologies. She is currently doing research under the project SVALUR - Understanding Resilience and Long-Term Environmental Change in the High Arctic: Narrative-Based Analyses from Svalbard where she is dedicated to bringing forward the multiplicity of knowledge on environmental changes through environmental humanitarian approaches.
'Tourism mobilities have faced crisis after crisis and it is arguably time to refocus our attention on fundamental discourses of wellbeing, equity, and sustainability in relation to degrowing tourism. This already overdue reconceptualisation of tourism-related phenomena in a 2020s context cannot take place without a new wave of critical reflection on the theory and practice of degrowth perspectives. Such reflection needs a solid axis from which to spin and effectively, this book can readily fill those shoes. With their landmark volume, Hall, Lundmark, and Zhang eloquently offer us the wake up / shake up call that tourism scholarship has long been waiting for. Failure to engage with the debates on the degrowth-tourism nexus skillfully crafted therein would almost be tantamount to academic irresponsibility. Read now, absorb and reflect.'
Dr Julie Wilson, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya / Open University of Catalonia.
'This book is essential for an up-to-date understanding of tourism and its challenges. It offers an urgent alternative to mainstream expansionist agendas and naïve approaches to mobility and development. Based on ecological realism, the book’s perspective and many informative cases provide a basis for policy makers, industry actors, and researchers who want to embrace qualitative dimensions of development, adopt proactive strategies to climate change, or just increase their understanding of possible roles and shapes of tourism in a post-fossil society.'
Karl Johan Bonnedahl, Editor of 'Strongly sustainable societies: organising human activities on a hot and full Earth'
'More and more places around the world have been struggling with the negative effects of overtourism. Meanwhile, discovering solutions for how to cope with being loved to death has proven elusive for most localities. With this backdrop in mind, this edited collection Degrowth and Tourism has made a timely appearance. Through a rich collection of contributions, this volume explores several issues revolving around degrowth, which are competently grouped into three sections. These are Degrowth and Tourism Entrepreneurship; Degrowth and Tourism Destinations, and; Degrowth and Tourism Policy. The timing of the release of this volume could not be better. During the midst of a global pandemic, when tourism has almost ground to a standstill, there has been much speculation as to whether this is the perfect time to reset the sector in a more sustainable manner. Tourism Degrowth and Tourism certainly provides much useful food for thought both for academics but also decision-makers who seek to find effective solutions to combat overtourism.'
Dimitri Ioannides, Mid-Sweden University